Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

It's no secret that interest in wine is growing. Maybe you like wine for the implied health benefits. Or, perhaps you just love rosé! Whatever the reason, one issue many newcomers struggle with is consistently choosing wines they love.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Tannat has some of the highest levels of antioxidants in the world, so why don't more people know about it? Grab a glass and taste the difference between French and Uruguay Tannat.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

The simple act pouring wine and allowing it some "air time" actually improves the taste. But, how long should you wait?

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Explore the differences between cool and warm climate with this very telling grape variety.

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They look and taste the same as conventional wines, but they're better for the earth (and us!) Here are 3 reasons to drink wines made with organic grapes.

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When you dig into this region, you realize the grapes that go into this seemingly cheap, fizzy wine are truly special. Lets find out more about this underdog wine of the world.

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We're delighted to announce we're in the process of merging with another company. Find out what this means for you and the wine world.

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Crazy ideas are crazy only until they work. Thank you for being passionate, insightful, irritated, helpful, joyous, knowledgeable, and all-around lovely group of people.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

If there was French red that everyone deserves to taste it's Châteauneuf-du-Pape. For many, CdP is the ultimate gateway drug to French wine.

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An "easy" blind tasting turns out to be harder than we expected. Learn more about the real differences between new and old world Pinot Noir.

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Here's what to expect to taste when you drink wild fermented wines. Plus, learn why native yeast is fundamentally changing the fine wine market.

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Lets define residual sugar in wine and what to expect in different types of wine. Many wines listed as "dry" actually have some residual sugar content.

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Improve your ability to write wine tasting notes with a simple process.

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Wine retail in the US is a tricky business that ultimately gouges the wine consumer and the winery. Here's what we can do about it.

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If you tasted a new wine variety each week, it would take you 40 years to try them all. Here are 6 rare red wine grapes that you deserve to know about.

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Wine Somm, Madeline Puckette, analyzes grocery store Cabernet under $20. The question is, are these wines actually good? Or, should we be afraid?

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Lets forget appellations, residual sugar levels, and the Prädikat system for a minute and talk about something completely ridiculous. What type of wine drinker are you?

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Taste the difference between Champagne vs Cava. You can use these clues to find great quality sparkling wines made around the world (and for better prices!)

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What is winemaking really like? So, lets see the actual process of winemaking from start to finish.

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What are the real differences between a $7 wine and a $75 wine? This cheap vs expensive wine taste test delivers some sweet berry knowledge that's going to change how you shop.

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Is expensive wine better? To figure this out, lets take a look at what it costs to make a bottle of wine – from the grapes to the cost of a bottle.

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Why are some wines selected for blends and others aren't? Learn more about the art of wine blending with these stunning graphics.

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Orange wine is a bit of a misnomer because the it isn't referring to a wine made with oranges. In fact, orange wine is made with white wine grapes. Find out more about this fascinating wine and where it comes from...

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Get the dish on what's great this year for Thanksgiving wines. Afterall, Thanksgiving is the perfect wine holiday.

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If you're skeptical of those articles that claim they have the "Best Wine Glasses for 2018" then this deep dive is for you. Find out the real differences.

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Ideally, keto wines should have low alcohol (ideally 13.5% ABV or less) and little to no residual sugar. Here's Wine Folly's take on dieting with wine.

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Why do it wrong when you can do it right? Here are the basics to wine service and tips on storing wine that will change the way you drink!

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Unveil the mysteries of wine tannins. You'll never drink wine the same way again!

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Surprising facts about wine sweetness you don't want to miss!

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Stop trying to memorize labels. There's a better way! Learn about wine with Madeline Puckette on the 101 video series.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.