Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Chardonnay is the chameleon of wine. You can discover wines that explain exactly why it's popular, right as it hits your palate.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

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Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Taste a classic underdog wine! Malbec has traveled far from its roots - French wine with an Agentinian accent.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Do you have “Champagne taste on a beer budget?” This week's wine tasting challenge sips an alternative to the regular bubbly: French Crémant.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Can you drink wine on a diet? Some of us can and some can't. Let's find out which wines work for a healthy diet and some other important facts.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

People love Tawny Port wine for it's sweet flavors of caramel, cocoa, dried fruit, and nuts. Lets find out which style of Tawny to choose based on your tastes.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Ever fall in love with a diva? Then you might know a thing or two about Pinot Noir. It’s fickle, it’s difficult to work with, and it’s been known to throw in the towel at the first sign of trouble. So why do so many winemakers put up with its crap? Because this diva can […]

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Find your favorite New Year's wine pairing tradition! Explore these 8 new year's traditions from around the world.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

When you look back on 2020, you may not be able to fight the urge to drink directly from the decanter. Here what really happened in 2020 – A year of wine in review.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

For this week's wine tasting challenge we're sipping on Bordeaux. Discover how different grapes complement each other to make something exciting and unique.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

It's time to discover France! The French wine advent calendar includes 12 wines that span the most famous (and delicious) regions.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Week 4 Wine Tasting Challenge is a German wine - Riesling. A partnership between sweetness and acidity that leads to a well-balanced wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Ever had a wine that tasted like eating the entire menu of an Italian restaurant all at once? This week's wine tasting challenge: Chianti.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Get excited for a dark horse Italian wine. These 8 wines from Southern Italy aren’t well-known, but you just might crown them a winner.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Challenge your palate this week with France's best-known Gamay-based wine: Beaujolais. You'll learn that even the highest quality wine of a region can balance complexity with accessibility and fun.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Wine body is defined by how heavy a wine tastes. Learn how to taste body in wine with examples of wines by type.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

In the interest of not taking either of these libations too seriously, let's take a look at 7 differences between wine people vs beer people.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Expand your palate with Spain's answer to Champagne: Cava. This week's challenge explores a delicious bubbly that offers surprising value.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Whether you're WSET certified or just starting your wine journey, one of the best ways to sharpen your palate is through the Wine Tasting Challenge.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Napa Valley wildfires caused damage but that's only part of the story. Let's take a deeper look into what happened this year and how to help.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Looking for clean wines? Let's explore some of the fears around wine additives and sulfites and what's actually giving you a headache.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

For those looking for wine-buying inspiration, the 2020 Wine Buying Guide is a handy overview organized by style so you can find what you like.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

When it comes to AOC wine and French classifications, it can feel really complicated really fast. But if you know some basics, you'll find that understanding comes pretty easily.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

For those who love a rich Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc-Sémillon blends are a rare white wine treat worth investigating.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Will wine go with couscous, baklava, or hummus? This guide will help you navigate some classic Middle Eastern food and wine that complements them.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Unless you want its fruity and floral aromas to become those of cooked cabbage, wet cardboard and wet dog, make sure your wine and sunlight stay far away from each other. Keep reading for more on this and what else you can do to protect your wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Ready to organize your wine collection, but not sure where to begin? Here are tips on wine storage and how to organize your wine cellar or cooler.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Get confident with the wines of France in this introductory seminar. You'll learn about the 11 major regions and the best wines to explore.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Looking for something easy with elegance? Here are 6 wine dinners for the times when your wine cooler is full, but your fridge is empty.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Ever wonder how a wine professional assesses Champagne? Madeline walks through a wine tasting with a bottle of vintage Champagne from a notable producer.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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