Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Assyrtiko wine originates from the famously beautiful island of Santorini. This week’s challenge will conjure sunshine and sunny beaches.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

This week, we'll be tasting Portuguese Port, and discussing the inhospitable region that's led to this highly prized dessert wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

What happens when red grapes are grown in the higher altitudes and cooler climates of Austria? This week we taste Austrian Zweigelt.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Wine and Steak is one of the essential pairings in your wine journey. Tuck your napkin into your collar and explore the wines and the cuts.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

French Viognier came close to dying out. Jump into this week's challenge to learn about a tasty, complex wine and how it almost vanished.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Often misunderstood, this week's challenge dives into Dry Sherry. Learn why this fortified wine may be perfect for your palate.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

With a reputation for being a value Italian wine, it's easy to overlook Xinomavro, but there's complexity and power in this week's tasting.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

This month's wine club shipment theme is "Bold Red Wines." With four exceptional bold red wines, we can learn more about things like tannin and under-the-radar varietal wines, like Aglianico!

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Prosecco may be cheaper bubbly, but it still has bottles worth sipping and savoring. Dive into this week's challenge to learn more.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

A lesser known yet equally delicious wine from Napa - Cabernet Franc - is this week's tasting challenge. Jump in to learn more.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Orange wines are among the oldest styles of wine, yet aren't often seen on the table. Dive in to learn about an ancient and delicious oddity.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Pinotage began life as cheap wine. Discover how South Africa's winemakers have been taking this full-bodied wine to a whole new level.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Tavel Rosé will redefine pink wine when it hits your palate. Jump into this week's tasting challenge to learn about the wine of raconteurs.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Even for white wine lovers, Roussanne is rarer than you'd expect. Dive in to discover the role this grape plays in the wines you love.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

There's a lot to consider when opening a bottle of Champagne for your celeberation. We've got you covered with our Handy Champagne Guide.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

What's in a name? Find out what makes Primitivo an Italian wine that you have to try, distinct from its many doppelgängers.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Learn about Grüner Veltliner - a wine steeped in the winemaking traditions of Austria. Acidic and flinty, capturing Austria in the glass.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Dive into New Zealand's Chardonnay - your next favorite wine is waiting to be discovered in a small land with passionate wine makers.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Discover how the Sauternes region of France can go from moldy grapes to one of the most treasured dessert wines in the world.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Let's take a closer look at Wine Folly's new Region Guides. These dynamic wine destination guides help us connect to amazing wines and wineries through education.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Spanish Tempranillo will restore your faith in oak-aged wines. Jump in the Wine Tasting Challenge and discover the delicious bounty of Rioja.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Hawkes Bay may be New Zealand’s greatest wine region, making it one of the world’s. Explore this fascinating wine region.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

The bright and juicy wine of South Africa takes the tasting challenge to bright coastlines, warm weather, and great wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Chilean Carménère is brazen, it's brassy, and a well crafted can offer up complex aromas at a fraction of the price of its Bordeaux cousins.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Some of the best red wines in the world come out of Italy. But learn from Pinot Grigio: don't sleep on Italian white wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

This tasting challenge looks at Pinot Noir Rosé and defies the age-old myth that loving rosé wine is only for basic wine drinkers.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Challenge your tastebuds with Australian Shiraz! A grape originally grown in France has traveled to the other side, with delicious results.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Chardonnay is the chameleon of wine. You can discover wines that explain exactly why it's popular, right as it hits your palate.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

One of the best food experiences with endless variety. Everyone loves eating Italian, so dive in and discover the best wines for spaghetti.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Taste a classic underdog wine! Malbec has traveled far from its roots - French wine with an Agentinian accent.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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