Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Matching glassware to your wine does improve the flavor! Here are the six main types of wine glasses and the wines to match with them.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Several small vineyards are leading the charge by transforming the ways they produce, sell, and market their wines. Here are 3 wineries breaking the mold in Bordeaux.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Hybrid wine grapes like Chambourcin are growing in popularity in areas with cold climates. Does this grape show fine wine potential? Let's find out!

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Learn more about vintage variation and how weather plays a role in the taste of wine. Ironically, variation is the "raison d'être" of wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

This is a DIY guide to setting up a March Madness-style wine bracket game for your friends, family, or wine club. It's the perfect opportunity to try new wines, test your blind tasting skills, and maybe even earn some bragging rights.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Rosé wine: it's easy to drink but actually pretty hard to make! This video explores 2 popular rosé wine methods and what makes this style unique.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

You won't find Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, or Pinot Grigio on this list. Still, the following four white wine varieties are worth some serious praise.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

This white wine aging chart reveals which varieties tend to age the best based on inherent traits.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

These 5 Italian red wines are a great place to start learning Italian wine –especially if you're a beginner,– because they encapsulate what this wine country is all about!

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Some red wines age better than others. There are many reasons for this, but one influencing factor is the grape variety.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Not only is wine incredibly stylish and sophisticated, it's also more affordable than running up a bar tab. Here are 9 wines that will make your date night delightful... even on a budget!

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Syrah (aka Shiraz) originally comes from France and is actually related to Viognier! Find out more about this boisterous, bold red wine while tasting wines from Australia and Washington State.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Finding wine flavors isn't that easy because it requires high dexterity in your sense of smell and taste. Improving this skill is actually good for your brain.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Learn the 10 most popular wines are in the world. What's surprising is there are a few unexpected and lesser-known wine varieties on this list.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Nowadays, Chile is producing first class wines with a real sense of terroir. Here are seven wines from Chile (varieties and regions) that will blow your mind.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Is it a sin to love Zin? In this wine tasting we explore Zinfandel's unique history and compare an Italian Primitivo with an aged American Zin. The big question: can Zinfandel age well?

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Learn the real differences between Cabernet Sauvignon vs Merlot in this fun tasting challenge. Grab a glass and follow along!

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

What do the most expensive wines have in common? It turns out, they're more similar than you might think.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Can you figure out which wine is which before the big reveal? Explore how climate and oak impact affects the taste of Chardonnay.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Most of us aren't aware of a slowly-evolving list of "classic wines." Knowing these wines will greatly improve your blind tasting skills.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Grab a glass and learn the differences between old and new world Malbec with Madeline Puckette.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

It's no secret that interest in wine is growing. Maybe you like wine for the implied health benefits. Or, perhaps you just love rosé! Whatever the reason, one issue many newcomers struggle with is consistently choosing wines they love.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Tannat has some of the highest levels of antioxidants in the world, so why don't more people know about it? Grab a glass and taste the difference between French and Uruguay Tannat.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

The simple act pouring wine and allowing it some "air time" actually improves the taste. But, how long should you wait?

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Explore the differences between cool and warm climate with this very telling grape variety.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

They look and taste the same as conventional wines, but they're better for the earth (and us!) Here are 3 reasons to drink wines made with organic grapes.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

When you dig into this region, you realize the grapes that go into this seemingly cheap, fizzy wine are truly special. Lets find out more about this underdog wine of the world.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

We're delighted to announce we're in the process of merging with another company. Find out what this means for you and the wine world.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Crazy ideas are crazy only until they work. Thank you for being passionate, insightful, irritated, helpful, joyous, knowledgeable, and all-around lovely group of people.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

If there was French red that everyone deserves to taste it's Châteauneuf-du-Pape. For many, CdP is the ultimate gateway drug to French wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.