Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Petrus vertical at Stonehouse
The 72-vintage vertical (1945-2017) of Petrus at Stonehouse in Santa Barbara is the largest restaurant collection in the US.

From 1945 to 2017: the largest restaurant collection of the blue-chip Bordeaux in the US…

The post 72-vintage Petrus vertical caps California cellar's mudslide revamp appeared first on Decanter.


Petrus vertical at Stonehouse
The 72-vintage vertical (1945-2017) of Petrus at Stonehouse in Santa Barbara is the largest restaurant collection in the US.

From 1945 to 2017: the largest restaurant collection of the blue-chip Bordeaux in the US…

The post 72-vintage Petrus vertical caps California cellar's mudslide revamp appeared first on Decanter.

Petrus vertical at Stonehouse
The 72-vintage vertical (1945-2017) of Petrus at Stonehouse in Santa Barbara is the largest restaurant collection in the US.

A California restaurant wine cellar destroyed by a mudslide 3.5 years ago has crowned its reconstruction with a 72-vintage vertical of Petrus.

Mudslides on 9 January 2018 completely ruined the cellar and 12,500 bottles of wine – valued at $3m – at San Ysidro Ranch’s Stonehouse restaurant in Montecito, Santa Barbara.

The disaster, which killed 25 people in southern California, came a month after a series of wildfires. The resulting loss of vegetation and soil instability, combined with a deluge of rain, saw up to 5m of mud coursing down steep slopes at more than 30km/hr into Montecito.

Mudslide - Stonehouse restaurant cellar

A mudslide in January 2018 destroyed Stonehouse restaurant’s 12,500 bottles of wine, valued at $3m

Before the mudslide, Stonehouse had a breadth of California Central Coast wines as well as French cult names, but this 72-vintage vertical of Petrus represents the largest restaurant collection of the Right Bank Bordeaux wine in the US and one of the most extensive in the world.

Encompassing 120 bottles, there is a complete set of the blue-chip Pomerol Merlot from 1945 to 2017, sourced with authenticated provenance from two sellers in France who bought the wines directly from the château.

Petrus 1945 for $38,500

While the restaurant is remaining tight-lipped about the cost of acquiring the collection, diners would need to fork out $38,500 for a bottle of the 1945 Petrus to a ‘bargain’ $5,300 for the 1977.

Stonehouse’s newly curated and extensive wine list – particularly strong in California, Champagne and Burgundy – nevertheless offers several bottles for just $65, with the local Santa Barbara Pinot Noirs, Chardonnays and Syrahs the most popular.

New Stonehouse cellar 2021

The rebuilt and restocked cellar at San Ysidro Ranch’s Stonehouse restaurant in Santa Barbara

‘Recreating the wine cellar was a painstaking process,’ said Stonehouse wine director Tristian Pitre. ‘[But] patience and persistence paid off for us when we finally procured and received delivery of this historic collection of Petrus, one of the greatest wines in the world.’

San Ysidro Ranch is part of a hotel and resort group founded by billionaire entrepreneur Ty Warner, famous for creating Beanie Babies stuffed toys.

‘The ranch’s collection represents the hard work and commitment that went into returning the Stonehouse restaurant and its wine program to greatness following the disastrous events of 2018,’ Warner said.


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The post 72-vintage Petrus vertical caps California cellar's mudslide revamp appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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