Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Robert Parker's 100-point wines
Château Mouton Rothschild 1982 at a Sotheby's auction in 2012.

Thousands of Premium members have been enjoying Decanter Premium’s exclusive daily articles, here are just a few of the most read from this year… 1. Robert Parker’s 100-point wines: Then and now During the 2020 Hall of Fame Interview, Andrew Jefford asked Robert Parker to review a selection of his most memorable 100-point wines from […]

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Robert Parker's 100-point wines
Château Mouton Rothschild 1982 at a Sotheby's auction in 2012.

Thousands of Premium members have been enjoying Decanter Premium’s exclusive daily articles, here are just a few of the most read from this year… 1. Robert Parker’s 100-point wines: Then and now During the 2020 Hall of Fame Interview, Andrew Jefford asked Robert Parker to review a selection of his most memorable 100-point wines from […]

The post Top 10 most read Decanter Premium articles from 2020 appeared first on Decanter.

Robert Parker's 100-point wines
Château Mouton Rothschild 1982 at a Sotheby's auction in 2012.

Thousands of Premium members have been enjoying Decanter Premium’s exclusive daily articles, here are just a few of the most read from this year…

1. Robert Parker’s 100-point wines: Then and now

During the 2020 Hall of Fame Interview, Andrew Jefford asked Robert Parker to review a selection of his most memorable 100-point wines from a 2020 perspective. These are the wines he chose…


2. Best Champagnes of 2020 tasted by our experts

December is probably the best time of the year for an excuse to open a good bottle of Champagne. We’ve rounded up the top scoring Champagnes tasted by our experts across the year…


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3. Bordeaux 2019 wines: Our en primeur verdict

Jane Anson delivers her Bordeaux 2019 en primeur overview after tasting more than 900 wines from what is unhesitatingly a successful vintage in Bordeaux…


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4. Best white Burgundy: Top-rated & top-value wines

We’ve compiled a selection of the best white Burgundy from recent vintages, tasted and scored by our experts. Great examples of the ever more elusive balance that, in the face of climate change, less and less producers are able to achieve.


Non vintage brut Champagne

5. Non-Vintage Champagne: Panel tasting results

Our judges were impressed with the quality on show in this tasting, and while the category may lack the glamour of the top cuvées, non-vintage is the engine that drives the Champagne region, for both the Grandes Marques and smaller houses…


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6. Tuscany report: Top scoring new releases from Brunello di Montalcino to Chianti Classico

Michaela Morris tastes the latest releases in Tuscany, including the highly anticipated Brunello di Montalcino 2015 wines, plus Chianti Classico 2017…


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7. Bordeaux: The five first growths

Just five properties, on the gravel and clays of Bordeaux’s Left Bank sweep of vineyards, are revered around the world as benchmarks of the highest quality possible in wine. But what is it that sets these producers apart from the rest? Jane Anson has made a close study of the five first growths and their wines over many years, and here she sums up their histories, personalities and strengths, recommending two wines from each that are good to open now…


California Cabernet 2016 Panel tasting results

8. California Cabernet 2016: Panel tasting results

An increased focus on freshness went down well, with Alexander Valley earning an all-round seal of approval in this smaller than usual line-up of California’s new-release Cabernets. 81 California Cabernet Sauvignon 2016 wines tasted, with 56 Highly Recommended by our panel of Stephen Brook, James Doidge and Ronan Sayburn MS…


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9. Bordeaux 2010: The top rated wines tasted 10 years on

Bordeaux has rarely produced better wines, reports Jane Anson from a tasting of the powerful 2010 vintage nearly a decade since the harvest. See which names came out on top and when they should be ready for drinking…


Napa 2018 Vintage Report

10. Napa Valley Cabernet: 2018 vintage report

The best wines show control, poise and transparency between vineyard and appellation, with most of the 2018s well integrated and tastefully seasoned with oak, says Matthew Luczy, who rates 250 wines from the 2018 vintage…

The post Top 10 most read Decanter Premium articles from 2020 appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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