Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
wine news 2020

Some of our most read stories of the year....

The post Most read wine news stories of 2020 appeared first on Decanter.


wine news 2020

Some of our most read stories of the year....

The post Most read wine news stories of 2020 appeared first on Decanter.

wine news 2020

Most read wine news stories of 2020

10. Paper wine bottle launched: What is it like?

Story number 10 shows how a wine’s eco-credentials are becoming a more important consideration. UK-based company FrugalPac launched a ‘paper’ wine bottle, stating its overall carbon footprint was up to six times lower than a glass bottle. We tried using it in June 2020.

9. Meet the new Masters of Wine 2020

Always a story that drives keen interest, new Masters of Wine were announced in February and August. The world total of MWs is currently 409, and 2020 was the first time a Master Distiller also became a Master of Wine. Final-year students completed their research papers in the pandemic, despite some disruption to other parts of the MW programme.

8. Fires in California wine country

It’s an issue that we’re unfortunately becoming all-too-familiar with. Lightning strikes had caused wildfires across California in August, but the ‘Glass Fire’ that ignited on 27 September damaged several Napa wineries, including Cain and Burgess Cellars, plus the Meadowood luxury resort and also many homes across Napa and Sonoma Counties. Despite smoke taint concerns, Napa Valley Vintners said the 2020 vintage ‘is not lost’.

7. Australian ‘rockstar’ winemaker Taras Ochota dies

Tributes were paid across the wine world to Taras Ochota, the much-loved and highly respected winemaker of Australia’s Adelaide Hills region, who died in October 2020.

6. Brad Pitt and partners reveal rosé Champagne ‘Fleur de Miraval’

News about Château Miraval – the Provence winery owned by Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt, and the winemaking Perrin family – always proves popular. Following a five year ‘secret’ project, a new rosé Champagne was announced in 2020, in partnership with the Péters family. Decanter.com also got an early tasting of the new wine.

5. Scientists unlock secret of Champagne and oysters pairing

Champagne and oysters make a great pairing, and scientists at the University of Copenhagen revealed that ‘umami synergy’ might be the reason for our craving. They found umami flavour in some types of Champagnes and oysters, which comes to the fore when both are combined.

4. Château Latour 2012 released as first new vintage in eight years

First Growth Château Latour released its 2012 wine for the first time, and Decanter’s Jane Anson gave it 97 points. It is the youngest Latour grand vin on the market and was initially priced at £350 / $380 per bottle ex-Bordeaux, although the release was delayed by around two months due to Covid-19.

3. ‘Shark Tank’ wine investment scammer jailed for two years

Former wine distributor Joseph Falcone was sentenced to 24 months in prison by a New York court after pleading guilty to stealing more than $500,000 from investors. Falcone, 60, of Rockledge, Florida, told investors his ‘3G’s Vino LLC’ company would use the money to buy and distribute a wine product featured on TV show ‘Shark Tank’.

2. Bordeaux 2019 en primeur releases

In a campaign delayed due to Covid-19, several top châteaux cut their prices on the still-in-barrel 2019 vintage by between 20% and 30% versus the 2018 releases, prompting a wave of enthusiasm among those still in a position to buy. The traditional tasting week in April was cancelled, but Bordeaux-based Jane Anson still managed to sample 900 of the 2019-vintage wines for Decanter Premium.

1. NY restaurant couple mistakenly served ‘$2000 Mouton’

The most popular story of the year was the tale from Balthazar restaurant owner Keith McNally, who described how a mix-up at the New York restaurant had once seen a young couple served a bottle of Château Mouton Rothschild instead of a house Pinot Noir. McNally shared the story on his Instagram page this year, but a spokesperson for the restaurateur said the mishap took place back in 2002.

Plus, a bonus story – Wine and cheese may help protect your brain, says study

Despite being published just over a week ago, this story on new study from the University of Copenhagen, suggesting that ‘responsible’ consumption of wine and cheese could help to protect brain function as you age, has also become one of our most read of the year.


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The post Most read wine news stories of 2020 appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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