Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Tuscan wine country
Montepulciano in southern Tuscany.

Estate agents covering Tuscany have reported greater interest in 2020 from domestic and foreign buyers...

The post More property buyers eyeing Tuscan wine country, say agents appeared first on Decanter.


Tuscan wine country
Montepulciano in southern Tuscany.

Estate agents covering Tuscany have reported greater interest in 2020 from domestic and foreign buyers...

The post More property buyers eyeing Tuscan wine country, say agents appeared first on Decanter.

Tuscan wine country
Montepulciano in southern Tuscany.

Greater demand for rural property has been widely reported in the UK this year, and recent comments from Italy-based estate agencies suggest the trend has also touched the land of Chianti Classico and Brunello di Montalcino.

I have seen many more buyers looking for properties, perhaps as many as four times more than the period before the [Covid-19] pandemic,’ John Jonk, real estate broker for Tuscany and Umbria at Sotheby’s International Realty in Italy, told Decanter.com recently.

‘Part of the reason people are buying in Tuscany is because they realise, with the experience of lockdown, that they can work from a property in the middle of the Tuscany countryside as well as they could from an office in London, Paris or New York. It has become a lifestyle choice.’

At the Casa & Country agency, cofounder and MD Gemma Bruce also highlighted recent interest from ‘Italian city dwellers looking to move out to the countryside’.

Many in this group were interested in buying vineyard estates that could be run as a business, she said.

However, for other buyers, the wine side of things is more of a hobby or nice-to-have element.

These buyers primarily want a country residence and ‘get excited if there are vineyards as well’, said Bruce, who added that Casa & Country has started doing ‘real-time tours’ online via Zoom this year.

Budgets and prices can range from €1.5m to €10m, depending upon the state of the property, and the quality of any estate vineyards, too, she said.

Regarding vineyards specifically, some agencies have said demand in Italy was already strong before 2020.

Marta Brunellini Romolini, of Romolini Immobiliare, affiliated to Christie’s International Real Estate, recently told Decanter.com that ‘wine estates have been the most requested pieces of real estate in the past three years at least’.

She said buyers can range from private investors to newly retired businesspeople and international groups.

Estate agency consultancy Knight Frank said in August that online property searches for Tuscany had risen sharply since February.

It also noted higher demand for rural estates in Italy from international buyers.

Yet, it said that Italy’s property market ‘inevitably ground to a halt’ during the first Covid-19 lockdown and cited figures that suggested the country overall was expected to record 18% fewer residential sales in 2020 versus 2019.

It highlighted that Italy’s ‘flat-tax’ scheme was a possible added incentive for foreign buyers at the top-end of the market.

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Prosecco property: Stunning vineyard for sale in Italy’s north-east

The post More property buyers eyeing Tuscan wine country, say agents appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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