Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Best Rum Deals Black Friday

Top rum deals for 2020...

The post Top rum deals for Black Friday appeared first on Decanter.


Best Rum Deals Black Friday

Top rum deals for 2020...

The post Top rum deals for Black Friday appeared first on Decanter.

Best Rum Deals Black Friday

Top rum deals for Black Friday

With shopping season upon us, led by Thanksgiving and Black Friday 2020, we’ve had a look at some of the best rum offers covering different styles, including white, golden, spiced and dark rums.

Amazon has kicked off Black Friday early with some offers already available here in the UK. You can see our list below of the best rum deals for Black Friday 2020, which we will be updating regularly to ensure you get the best prices.

We’ll also be uncovering some of the best Black Friday wine deals and Black Friday spirits deals – including vodkagintequila and whisky.

Black Friday rum deals:

Mount Gay Eclipse

A staple from Barbados, this rum is great for mixing. It’s a mix of pot and column still spirit aged in ex-American whisky barrels. Vanilla, banana, caramel and spice flavours. 40%


Mount Gay Black Barrel

An oaky number, this blend of pot and column still spirits is matured in ex-American whisky casks then finished for six months in heavy-char ex-Bourbon casks. Dried fruits are joined by gingerbread, toffee, vanilla and wood. 43%


Berry Bros & Rudd The Classic Range Jamaica Rum

Berry Brothers’ own-label Jamaican rum brings all the funkiness fans of this island’s famous spirit offers, with notes of sugarcane, banana, orange rind and even some mintiness. 40.5%


Mezan Jamaica XO

A blend of rums from Monymusk and Hampden distilleries, aged in casks for a number of years. Notes of banana, sweet spices and crème caramel. 40%


Foursquare Spiced Rum

A spiced rum from Barbados, with notes of nutmeg, fruitcake, marmalade, ginger and sweet spices. 37.5%


El Dorado 5 Year Old

This rum from Guyana includes Demerara rum distilled in the world’s oldest Coffey still in operation today, at Diamond Distillery. The resulting liquid has notes of butterscotch, tropical fruit and toasted coconut. 40%


We will be updating this article with the latest rum deals, so check back regularly for all the latest offers.

The post Top rum deals for Black Friday appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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