Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Best Rum Gifts

Bottles, books and accessories for all your rum needs...

The post The best rum gifts appeared first on Decanter.


Best Rum Gifts

Bottles, books and accessories for all your rum needs...

The post The best rum gifts appeared first on Decanter.

Best Rum Gifts

If there’s a rum lover in your life or you just fancy treating yourself, take a look at our recommendations for some of the best rum gifts money can buy. Whether it’s a rare bottle of rum or a gift set of miniatures, or even a rum accessory, you’ll find some excellent ideas for rum gifts below.


Black Tot Last Consignment

The last ever daily rum ration was handed out by the Royal Navy on 31 July 1970. Known as ‘Black Tot Day’, it put an end to a 300-year-old tradition. The remaining stocks were stashed away in stone flagons – overseen by HM Customs & Excise – only occasionally dipped into for state occassions and royal weddings, until it was bottled in 2010 to celebrate the 40th anniversary of Black Tot Day.

This piece of history is not cheap, but it is the ultimate rum gift. The Black Tot Last Consignment is now a half-century old! This historic rum has scents of fruitcake and treacle, accompanied by a touch of orange zest. Rich, full and spicy, it’s incredibly warming yet well balanced, with flecks of orange and nuts joined by tarry oak and cream, followed by some mocha, spice and cigar on the extremely long finish. Alc 54.3%


Foursquare 12 Year Old 2008 Exceptional Cask Selection

Foursquare in Barbados is one of the rum world’s most in-vogue distilleries, and with good reason. Master-distiller and master-blender Richard Seale creates his blends from both pot and traditional column stills, and – somewhat infamously in rum circles – refuses to add any sugar or other sweetening agents to his bottles.

The 12 Year Old 2008 has spent 12 years in ex-bourbon American white oak casks before being bottled at cask strength – 60%. Vanilla, a hint of caramel and some dried fruit aromas are overlaid by lime and almond notes. In the mouth it’s super fruity, with caramelised banana, sweet vanilla-infused oak, candied citrus and spice. Beautiful, defined and racy, this is a fantastic gift for those who enjoy the depth of flavour and complexity good Scotch whiskey offers, and is best sipped on the rocks or in an old fashioned. Alc 60%


The Whisky Exchange Styles Of Rum Gift Set

With five 30ml sample bottles and a neat little tasting glass, this gift set has all that’s required for a rum fan looking to explore the category in more detail, covering the many different styles rum has to offer. Highlights include the Compagnie Des Indes Latino 5 Year Old – a blend of rums from several distilleries  in different countries, offering up slightly grassy notes with some dried citrus peel, a full bodied sturdy character, and tropical pineapple flavours with some almond and orange peel Alc 40% – and Hampden Estate – a funky Jamaican traditional pot-still rum made in collaboration with Velier, offering a tropical fruit nose with some spice followed in the mouth by a clove attack then mashed banana, mango, apple, fenugreek seed and cinnamon on an oily, creamy palate and with a long finish Alc 46%


Riedel Drink Specific Glassware Rocks Glasses

A pair of beautifully designed crystal tumblers specifically designed to house large-format ice, which is a great solution to avoid diluting your favourite tipple. Perfect for a rum connoisseur who prefers their drinks on the rocks.


Ceramic Tiki Mug

Anyone looking to pursue the tropical side of rum cocktails needs a tiki mug to complete the look. Gaining popularity following the success of California tiki bars Don the Beachcomber and Trader Vic’s in the 1940s, by the 1960s the tiki craze had spread across the USA. You can find tiki-inspired drinks in almost every cocktail bar these days, and things have come a long way from the super-sweet amalgamations of cheap spirit, concentrated fruit juices and cherry garnish of the 1970s. Ceramic tiki mugs are the final piece of the puzzle in creating authentic tiki cocktails such as the painkiller and zombie.


The Curious Bartender’s Rum Revolution

Master mixologist Tristan Stephenson visited over 50 distilleries during his research for this book, tasting over 400 rums in the process. In The Curious Bartender’s Rum Revolution, learn how rum is made and read about the dark and pirate-infested history of the spirit. There are tasting notes from each distillery Tristan visited on his journey, and cocktail recipes you’ll definitely want to try out. The perfect rum book!


See also: Best spiced rums to try

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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