Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Royal Slope AVA

It's the state’s 15th AVA...

The post Royal Slope becomes Washington State's newest AVA appeared first on Decanter.


Royal Slope AVA

It's the state’s 15th AVA...

The post Royal Slope becomes Washington State's newest AVA appeared first on Decanter.

Royal Slope AVA

The Washington State Wine Commission (WSWC) – the body representing all wineries in the state – has announced the latest AVA (American Viticultural Area) approved for Washington, named Royal Slope.

It spans 63,288ha and is situated wholly within the Columbia Valley AVA.

Royal Slope is the state’s 15th AVA and it is located to the south of the Ancient Lakes AVA, with the Wahluke Slope AVA to its north.

The area encompasses Frenchman Hills, a 50km long east-west ridge with a gentle to medium-steep south-facing slope. More than 20 varieties of grapes are currently planted over 770ha within Royal Slope.

‘Many of our wineries and grape growers have been championing the terroir of Royal Slope for a long time, so it’s thrilling for them to be able to put an official AVA name on the bottle,’ commented Steve Warner, president of the WSWC.

To qualify as an AVA, a wine grape-growing region must be distinguishable by features such as climate, soil, elevation and physical features.

‘The AVA is something of an island geographically that is surrounded on all four sides by very different lands,’ said Dr Alan Busacca, who co-wrote the AVA petition with Dr Richard Rupp.

The majority of the area’s soils are formed of windblown silts or loess. The Royal Slope area has an average vineyard elevation of 400m, compared to the Wahluke Slope AVA just 25km to the south, which is at about 180m. This elevation difference leads to cooler night time temperatures and slightly lower day time temperatures than lower, warmer areas.

‘The area of the AVA is large enough that the variation in soils, slopes and aspect allows for a wide range of grape varieties to be matched to specific sites, soils, and training methods, producing wine grapes of exceptional quality and distinction,’ adds Busacca.

‘In a short period of time, vineyards like Stillwater Creek, Lawrence, Frenchman Hills and more have been producing wines that are absolutely rocking people’s worlds. Royal Slope has jumped onto the wine map very quickly based on exceptional fruit character and quality.’


See also: 

Quilceda Creek: A Washington Cabernet icon

Leonetti Cellar: Ageworthy Washington Cabernet

The post Royal Slope becomes Washington State's newest AVA appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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