Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
vineyard property tuscany
A villa listed by Casa & Country near to Florence, with 16.5ha of vines, listed at €7m.

Vineyard properties listed for sale in Tuscany's rolling hills...

The post Buying a vineyard property in Tuscany: What are the options?   appeared first on Decanter.


vineyard property tuscany
A villa listed by Casa & Country near to Florence, with 16.5ha of vines, listed at €7m.

Vineyard properties listed for sale in Tuscany's rolling hills...

The post Buying a vineyard property in Tuscany: What are the options?   appeared first on Decanter.

vineyard property tuscany
A villa listed by Casa & Country near to Florence, with 16.5ha of vines, listed at €7m.

Some estate agencies covering property in Tuscany, including vineyard estates, have reported a busy few weeks in general, despite the Covid-19 crisis.

‘We didn’t expect the real estate market to come back so quickly,’ said Diletta Giorgolo Spinola, head of sales for central and southern Italy at Sotheby’s International Realty.

Gemma Bruce, MD and cofounder of Casa & Country, told Decanter.com that prospective buyers were reassessing their lifestyles.

‘Off the back of the pandemic, people are wanting property with agricultural land. If they can have vines [as well] then that’s great.’

She said recent interest included London-based buyers who have renegotiated terms with employers to enable to them to relocate and work remotely more often.

As in other wine regions, choosing a vineyard property in Tuscany depends on the motivation of buyers; whether it’s a commercial venture or lifestyle choice, and whether you want established vines in a DOC or DOCG zone.

‘Our kind of buyers are people who have a big passion [for wine],’ said Giorgolo Spinola. ‘They want to buy something that has a farmhouse or a villa with a small production of wine.’

What are the prices?

To give broader context, the publication winenews.it estimated last year that Chianti Classico vineyards cost around €170,000 per hectare, and up to €200,000 for the best plots. Across Italy, vineyards were around €30,000 per hectare on average, it said.

As in many regions, prices vary according to the amount of investment required, or the prestige of the vineyard area.

In Tuscany, a cottage with two to three hectares (ha) of vines could cost around €2m-€3m, said Giorgolo Spinola.

It’s also possible to spend more, as shown by this Sotheby’s listing of a farmhouse estate complete with 6.5ha of DOCG vines in the heart of Chianti Classico country, priced at €6.2m.

tuscany vineyard villa

A view from the terrace of the farmhouse listed by Sotheby’s in Gaiole in Chianti. Photo credit: Sotheby’s International Realty.

Bruce said there was sometimes room for a degree of negotiation on prices, but it depends upon the property.

Examples of estates currently listed by Casa & Country include a €1.5m villa with six hectares of vines and panoramic views near to San Gimignano.

vineyard property tuscany, san gimignano

An aerial shot of the villa near San Gimignano. Photo credit: Casa & Country / Davide Meneghini.

Among the higher-priced estates is this castle with 16.5ha of vines – including 3ha within the Chianti Classico DOCG – and a fully working winery, listed at €7m.

vineyard property tuscany

A villa listed by Casa & Country near to Florence, with 16.5ha of vines, priced at €7m. Photo credit: Casa & Country.

For wealthy prospective buyers with wine tourism ambitions, The Romolini Immobiliere agency, an exclusive affiliate of Christie’s International Real Estate, was listing a 41-hectare ‘wine resort’ with a swimming pool, a 19-bedroom ‘relais’ and 9ha of vines for €6.5m.

Things to consider

Bruce said vines were often ‘the cherry on the cake’ for lifestyle buyers, but both she and Giorgolo Spinola at Sotheby’s said there was also a trend for passionate wine lovers to seek properties that would allow them to make small quantities of their own high quality wine, not necessarily for commercial sale.

Bruce said some properties contained dormant winemaking facilities. Others have vines – sometimes in certified DOC or DOCG zones – and ‘for whatever reason, haven’t produced wines to the quality they could do’.

She added that some properties come with vine planting rights, and this was important to consider. Due to regulations, ‘you can’t just buy a property and plant vines,’ she said.

Giorgolo Spinola said that properties with organic vineyards were strongly in-demand among private clients. She said the most sought-after areas tended to be the relatively large Chianti zone, plus Montepulciano.

More buyers were also looking in Maremma in southern Tuscany, which has less famous vineyards but is also near to the coast and 90 minutes from Rome international airport, she added.


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The post Buying a vineyard property in Tuscany: What are the options?   appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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