Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
wine leather trainers

New vegan-friendly trainers made from 'wine leather', to be launched later this year....

The post Amsterdam company creates new vegan trainers from 'wine leather' appeared first on Decanter.


wine leather trainers

New vegan-friendly trainers made from 'wine leather', to be launched later this year....

The post Amsterdam company creates new vegan trainers from 'wine leather' appeared first on Decanter.

wine leather trainers

Dutch shoe company, Mercer Amsterdam, produced the trainers in collaboration with Vegea, an Italian company producing leather from the leftover waste of wine production – in particular, the grape seeds and fibres – which first launched in Milan in 2017.

The new trainers are named W3RD Wine Pack and will retail for around €250. They will be launched as part of Mercer Amsterdam’s Spring / Summer 2021 collection, in December this year.

As well as the wine leather, the trainers include some mesh made from leftover PET bottles and the sole is made from algae.

‘Wine leather is soft, smooth, stable, 100% sustainable and can be recycled. It almost feels like leather and can also be processed adequately,’ said a statement from the company.

‘Wine leather is 100% vegan, no animals are harmed and no animal products are used during the production process.’

The W3RD Wine Pack currently comes in a range of four colours.

‘This is the first – and only product – in this material for now, but we are planning to expand this range,’ founder Pim Mercer told Decanter.com.

Speaking to Decanter.com in 2017, the founder of Vegea explained its sustainability credentials, stating that ‘of the 26 billion litres of wine produced annually, [it provides] an estimated seven billion kilos of grape marc, from which he could potentially produce three billion square metres of wine leather.’

Mercer Amsterdam also uses other sustainable materials across its range of trainers, including pineapple leather.


See also:

 What makes a wine vegan? Ask Decanter

Wine leather: What you could be wearing next season

Paper wine bottle launched: What is it like?

The post Amsterdam company creates new vegan trainers from 'wine leather' appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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