Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Cabernet Franc wines

This light, fresh and juicy grape is proving its versatility in top-rated wines

The post 10 top-rated Cabernet Francs from around the world worth seeking out appeared first on Decanter.


Cabernet Franc wines

This light, fresh and juicy grape is proving its versatility in top-rated wines

The post 10 top-rated Cabernet Francs from around the world worth seeking out appeared first on Decanter.

Cabernet Franc wines

Cabernet Franc has long since found fame in the wines of France’s Loire Valley – the grape of wines labelled Chinon, Bourgueuil, Saumur, Champigny or Anjou Rouge but, it is also favoured by other cooler climates around the world producing quality bottlings from Mendoza, California, Virginia and Stellenbosch.


Scroll down for 10 top-rated Cabernet Francs from around the world


It has soft tannins, moderate acidity and tons of charm and finesse combining bright raspberry fruit with intense floral aromatics and a silky texture akin to Pinot Noir. But it can also produce complex and structured wines and unlike Cabernet Sauvignon, which can take time to approach, they can be drunk young and with little or no oak treatment.

Some bottles can command large sums but many can be found at affordable prices.

The following list of 10 great Cabernet Francs comprises a mixture of single-varietal wines and grape-dominant blends.

Two of the 100% bottlings unsurprisingly come from the Loire with exceptional examples from Couly-Dutheil and Domaine de la Butte, priced £26 and £21 respectively, however varying in their expressions, the former being ‘attractive and youthful, with a smoky dark fruit core’ and the latter displaying ‘fresh hedgerow fruit scents with some intense violet, chocolate and damp earth notes’.

The others are spread across the globe with one of Italy’s best-known bottlings from Bolgheri in Tuscany – Le Macchiole’s Paleo 2016 scoring 96 points and noted as ‘soft and round with great volume on the palate’, Uco Valley with Rutini’s 2016, scoring 95 points and described as ‘seductive, classy and elegantly perfumed’ and Virginia with Ramiiisol’s Riserva 2014 rated 96 points, being ‘poised, resonant, with pepper and blackberry fruit and very silky tannins’.


See Ian D’Agata’s top Italian Cabernet Franc wines


South Africa is also a hot bed for both single-varietal Cabernet Francs and blends with plenty of good value wines to be found from producers including Vergelegen, Warwick and Raats whose 100% Cab Franc 2015 scored 96pts, available for around £25/$30 and MR de Compostella 2017 blend was rated 95 points.

Alternative highly-rated, but also more expensive (£100/$100+), blends include several from the USA namely California where a new wave of medium-bodied wines with charm and finesse are emerging. Sonoma County’s Vérité, Le Désir 2016 was highlighted for having a palate that is ‘broad and lush but exuberant, showing energy and flair’ while Napa Valley’s Smith Madrone and Favia have produced, respectively, a ‘generous and open’ 2013 and a ‘structured, well balanced and elegant’ 2015.

For more inexpensive drinking look to Doña Paula, 1350, 2017 from Uco Valley, available for less than £15/$20 and described by Andy Howard MW, in Decanter’s round up of exciting Argentinian wines under £25, as ‘cool and fresh in character: there is plenty of drive as well as complexity here.’


See 10 top-rated Cabernet Franc wines for every budget

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The post 10 top-rated Cabernet Francs from around the world worth seeking out appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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