Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
russia georgia wine
Traditional 'qvevri' used in Georgian wine production.

Russia has publicised a clampdown on Georgian wine imports...

The post Wine targeted as Russia and Georgia tension mounts appeared first on Decanter.


russia georgia wine
Traditional 'qvevri' used in Georgian wine production.

Russia has publicised a clampdown on Georgian wine imports...

The post Wine targeted as Russia and Georgia tension mounts appeared first on Decanter.

russia georgia wine
Traditional 'qvevri' used in Georgian wine production.

There has been a ‘deterioration’ in the quality of Georgian wine imports in recent years, said Russia’s consumer watchdog, Rospotrebnadzor, on Monday (24 June).

It said officials have tightened controls over the quality and safety of imports, after introducing new and unspecified tests in 2017.

The timing of the announcement coincided with rising political tension as both countries blamed each other for whipping up anti-government protests in Georgia’s capital, Tblisi.

Kremlin officials denied a link between events in Georgia and tougher checks on wine, according to Reuters.

However, Russia banned Georgian wines between 2006 and 2013 in a move that many commentators at the time believed had political motivations.

This week’s complaint from Rospotrebnadzor specifically alleges a decline in the quality of Georgian wine imports between 2014 and 2018.

Georgia’s national wine agency quickly issued a riposte. ‘We think that there is no objective basis for questioning the quality of Georgian export products,’ it said, adding that it had increased quality controls itself in recent years.

Georgia, which has an 8,000-year history of winemaking, has worked to decrease its reliance on the Russian market, particularly by seeking expansion in Asia and also in the UK and US.

Around 86.2 million bottles were exported in 2018, to 53 countries, which represented a 30-year high and a 13% increase in 2017, according to Georgia’s national wine agency.

Exports rose by 20% in value, in US dollar terms, to $203m.

Russia is still the destination for more than half of Georgian wine exports, however.


See also: Crimea’s historic Massandra winery set for controversial sale


 

The post Wine targeted as Russia and Georgia tension mounts appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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