Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
california wine sales
Demand for California wines rose in the US in 2018.

California wines across the US have hit record highs in 2018...

The post California wine sales top $40bn in the US appeared first on Decanter.


california wine sales
Demand for California wines rose in the US in 2018.

California wines across the US have hit record highs in 2018...

The post California wine sales top $40bn in the US appeared first on Decanter.

california wine sales
Demand for California wines rose in the US in 2018.

Shipments of California wines within the US rose by 3% in 2018 versus 2017 to an estimated retail value of $40.2bn, said the Wine Institute.

There was also a 3% increase in volumes to 248 million 12-bottle cases, giving California a 61% share of the world’s biggest wine consuming nation.

‘Consumer interest in premium wines continues to be the dominant trend,’ said Wine Institute president Robert Koch.

Boomers vs Millennials

There is debate in the trade about whether millennials will take over from the baby boomer generation, which is credited with driving big increases in wine consumption in the US in recent decades.

‘While sales are still growing, it’s slowing as the boomer generation ages and presumably drinks less,’ said Jon Moramarco, founder and managing partner of drinks industry analysis group BW 166.

‘Wine marketers are working to maintain the interest of boomers and attract gen x’ers and millennials with new and different wines,’ said Moramarco, who is also editor of the Gomberg Fredrikson Report.

Trends to watch

Winery sales direct to consumers grew strongly in 2018, up by 12% to $3bn and by 9% in volume to more than 6m cases.

US consumers are drinking less alcohol but better quality, as a rule, and wine is being sold in 8.5% more locations across the US than five years ago, according to Nielsen data.

‘They are being more mindful of drinking in moderation, thus underlining a trend to smaller serve packaging, and seeking ‘experiences’ in a wide variety of eating and drinking venues,’ said Danny Brager, senior vice president of Nielsen’s Beverage Alcohol Practice Area.

He also highlighted ongoing trends towards online sales plus growing popularity for three-litre boxes and wine in cans.


See also: Concerns for California wine as China raises import tariffs in US trade dispute


 

The post California wine sales top $40bn in the US appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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