Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Bordeaux vineyard prices

Jane Anson takes a deeper look into the recent prices of Bordeaux vineyards...

The post Anson: Bordeaux vineyard prices 2018 – All that they seem? appeared first on Decanter.


Bordeaux vineyard prices

Jane Anson takes a deeper look into the recent prices of Bordeaux vineyards...

The post Anson: Bordeaux vineyard prices 2018 – All that they seem? appeared first on Decanter.

Bordeaux vineyard prices

The French land agency SAFER released its annual look at vineyard prices across France a few weeks ago.

Over here in Bordeaux, it’s a fairly rosy picture for existing owners, less so for those looking to pick up an estate. Bordeaux prices have risen 7% overall from 2017 to 2018.

In contrast, Bergerac, right next door and still in the Aquitaine region, has lost 11%, coming in now at an average of €8,000 per hectare, just over half the least expensive appellation in Bordeaux and bringing the overall Aquitaine figure to a 3.1% rise.

‘Translating what these figures actually mean is a little more complicated.’

The two Bordeaux appellations that have risen the most from 2017 to 2018 are St-Estèphe (up 22% to an average of €550,000/ha) and Pomerol (up 20% to an average of €1.8million/ha).

Other rises are seen with Pessac-Léognan (up 11% to €500,000/ha) while right next door AOC Graves rise is 7% to an average of €32,000/ha, and Blaye Côtes de Bordeaux (up 11% to a rather more modest €20,000/ha). Lalande de Pomerol up 14% to €240,000/ha average and St-Emilion up 8% to €270,000/ha –  though highly misleading in fact, and reflective of the vast difference in soils and prices in an appellation where the most sought after sectors easily head upwards of €3 million/ha – and the St Emilion Satellites were up 6% to €95,000/ha.

In the Médoc, Pauillac is up 10%, the only appellation to break the €2 million barrier, now at €2.2million/ha on the SAFER figures. Until 2018 St-Julien and Margaux were recorded together but are now given separately – with Margaux at €1.1million/ha average and St Julien at €1.3million/ha average.

Sauternes this year has remained unchanged at €30,000/ha on average.

The only two appellations to see drops in average prices are Listrac, down 7% to €70,000/ha, and the sweet AOCs of the Right Bank such as St-Croix-du-Mont and Loupiac that are also down 7% to €14,000.

A closer look

Translating what these figures actually mean is a little more complicated. SAFER doesn’t tell us, for example, how many transactions there have there been in each appellation, so the percentage rises may simply be the result of one or two transactions from a low base the year before. This is almost certainly the case for AOC Graves de Vayres, that was up 6% in 2018 to €16,000/ha. On closer examination that is a rise of just €1,000/ha.

Similarly, although Blaye Côtes de Bordeaux shows a rise of 11%, all of other Côtes de Bordeaux have remained at the same price as 2017, suggesting that Blaye’s rise is the result of a few transactions rather than a sustained trend.

Other transactions will not be recorded by SAFER at all – it is highly unlikely, for example, that Petrus’ 2018 sale of 20% of its stock to a Colombian-American businessman was included in the annual assessment, as that was a sale of minority stock holdings rather than land.

‘Overall it has not been a year of significant transactions, with more activity from French buyers rather than international ones,’ Alex Hall of Vineyard Intelligence tells me as we sit down to discuss the figures.

‘Of all the appellations that we see here, I would say St-Estèphe is the most reflective of a true trend, as it continues its rise to catch up with the other communals of the Médoc. There have been a good number of transactions in the appellation that give the figures credibility, and I can see St-Estèphe continue to increase in price per hectare over the next few years’.

It easy to see what he means here when you look at completed sales – over 20% of St-Estèphe has changed hands over the past decade. In 2018, among the most high profile, were the sales of both Château Clauzet and Tour de Pez to Jacky Lorenzetti for the expansion of Lilian Ladouys, and of Château Domeyne to Vincent and Natacha Ginestet.

Another clear trend is consolidation – with current owners looking to expand their existing holdings. Just this week it was announced that Château Trianon in St-Emilion has bought and then merged the 4.5ha of neighbouring Château Lamour into its own vineyard, bringing its surface area to 14.5ha. This is part of a long-term trend seen across Bordeaux – in the Graves region, for example, in 1993 there were 415 winemakers in the appellation against 205 today, while in Listrac there were 75 independent winemakers in 2010, while today the number has dropped to 53. You see the average estate size grow over the same time period in both appellations, a clear indication of consolidation.

‘The big story really,’ says Hall, ‘is the continued polarisation between the big and small appellations, with the price between them getting ever wider. Bordeaux is still a relatively hard sell outside of the big-name regions, and there is a lot of supply and not always enough demand in these areas. The overall picture is probably not as rosy as the spikes in the figures suggest, while competition for the big names is getter ever more fierce’.

The post Anson: Bordeaux vineyard prices 2018 – All that they seem? appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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