Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Sancerre wine

What is Sancerre wine, and how does it taste?

The post What does Sancerre wine taste of? Ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.


Sancerre wine

What is Sancerre wine, and how does it taste?

The post What does Sancerre wine taste of? Ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.

Sancerre wine

Sancerre is an appellation in the Upper Loire Valley, France, producing mostly white wines, made from Sauvignon Blanc, and also some reds from Pinot Noir.

‘In the UK, Sancerre is the Loire’s most ubiquitous wine,’ said Jim Budd, DWWA regional chair for the Loire, in the September 2016 issue of Decanter.

‘Like Chablis, its relatively close neighbour, you can expect to find Sancerre listed on many UK restaurant wine lists.’

Climate and soils

The climate is cool continental, so the grapes have high acidity and crisp flavours.

‘There are three different types of soil in the Sancerre region – caillottes (pure limestone), terres blanches (clay limestone) and silex (flint),’ said Budd.

‘The caillottes and terres blanches each account for 40%.’

Sancerre wine flavours

Sancerre white wines have refreshing flavours including lemon, lime, elderflower and some grassy notes. You can also detect flint in some examples.

According to Decanter‘s Tasting notes decoded, ‘Flint, flinty or even gunflint are terms used to describe the minerality note that is found in dry, austere white wines, notably Chablis and Sancerre.’

Although Chablis is made from Chardonnay in Burgundy, this mineral character is found in both wines.

Andrew Jefford called Sancerre and Chablis ‘climate-and-soil twins, which just happen to find themselves growing different grape varieties.’ 

Ageing

‘You can enjoy Sancerre when it’s young and fresh, but if you buy a top Sancerre you will get additional complexity with 10 or 15 years in the cellar that you couldn’t find in other Sauvignon Blancs,’ said Budd.

Sancerre red wines

Sancerre chiefly produced red wine from Pinot Noir and Gamay, until the arrival of phylloxera in the second half of the 19th century.

Today, Sauvignon Blanc now accounts for approximately 80% of production, with Pinot Noir just 20%.

But, they are worth seeking out, as ‘an increasing number of Sancerre producers are making serious, weighty reds that can stand shoulder to shoulder with top cru Burgundy’, said Decanter’s Tina Gellie in 2015. 

White Sancerre wines to try


See also: Loire vs Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc – Tasting the difference

The post What does Sancerre wine taste of? Ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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