Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Barcelona tapas and wine
Park Güell, Barcelona

Find the best spots for tapas and a glass of wine...

The post Top Barcelona tapas and wine bars appeared first on Decanter.


Barcelona tapas and wine
Park Güell, Barcelona

Find the best spots for tapas and a glass of wine...

The post Top Barcelona tapas and wine bars appeared first on Decanter.

Barcelona tapas and wine
Park Güell, Barcelona

Xurreria Trébol

A perfect Barcelona day – or night out – wouldn’t be complete without a quick fix of xurros (the Catalan for churros), the long, thin fried doughnuts with or without fillings of cream or chocolate, but always best dipped into a thick, sticky cup of dark drinking chocolate. For variety and sheer fatty satisfaction, few are better than Gracia’s Xurreria Trébol. +34 932 18 36 54

L’Anima del Vi

The original, and (competition from the excellent Bar Brutal notwithstanding) still the heartbeat of Barcelona’s natural wine scene, this El Born bar run by a Franco-Catalan couple has a brilliantly chosen list of European natural wines, to be enjoyed in a cosy wood-panelled space featuring a reproduction of Picasso’s Guernica.

Bar Bodega l’Electricitat

A properly local and, for want of a better word, authentic, atmospheric old-time Barcelona institution in La Barceloneta where you take your place among the locals on wooden benches and order simple tapas (black sausage; anchovies) from a rough-and-ready menu, alongside medicinal house vermut from the barrel.

Tickets

For those of us who never got to experience the legendary surrealist Catalan molecular gastronomy of El Bulli, the exuberantly decorated Tickets in the Eixample is the next best thing: a tapas take on the funky creativity of brothers Ferran and Albert Adrià. Enjoy such deconstructed delights as crunchy octopus with kimchi mayonnaise or liquid olives.

Can Vilaró

The place to come for perfectly cooked traditional Catalan food made from the freshest ingredients sourced, naturally enough, from the Sant Antoni market located just across the road – and at very reasonable prices, too. The fideu à la cassola is a particular favourite: a thickly, richly satisfying dish based on the popular local pasta – a kind of pasta paella. +34 933 25 05 78


See also: Top Barcelona restaurants: Where the winemakers eat


Viblioteca

The name riffs on the Catalan for wine (vi) and library (biblioteca) and that gives you a fair idea of what to expect from this delightful Gràcia wine bar, which provides a bright and airy space in which to work your way through the 150-odd vinous selections and – just as impressive – its selection of more than 50 varieties of cheese.

Casa Mariol

If you’re visiting Barcelona’s most famous landmark, Gaudí’s La Sagrada Familia cathedral, then it’s worth popping by this unassuming nearby local bar run by Terra Alta-based producer Casa Mariol, for a quick pick-me-up. There’s a range of wines from the Terra Alta DO, but it’s the vermut (particularly the gorgeously herbal white) that’s the star.

Dos Palillos

Barcelona is a cosmopolitan city, with a large immigrant population. And that mix of cultures had led to some very fine gastronomic fusions, such as Dos Palillos, which plays on Spanish (or Catalan) tapas culture with Japanese small-plates in a buzzily informal (and yet Michelin-starred) space.

Els Sortidors del Parlament

With a homey, cosy Catalan charm, Els Sortidors del Parlament in the Eixample is a local shop-cum-bar with an impressively deep wine list. You can choose your bottle from the shop to either take away or drink in at a very fair €4 mark-up, along with olives and ham or something a little more substantial from the creative tapas menu. +34 934 41 16 02

Vila Viniteca

Run by one of Spain’s leading fine wine importers, Barcelona’s best wine shop is stuffed with a fine international collection – if you’re a local starved of French or Italian wine, this is the place to go – complemented by one of the best pan-Spanish selections around.

David Williams is a widely published wine writer, author and judge. He is a founding member of The Wine Gang. This guide appeared in the July 2019 issue of Decanter. 


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.