Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
uk wines
Grapes coming in at Chapel Down winery.

There is nearly 25% more land under vine in 2019...

The post Expect more UK wine as vineyard planting jumps appeared first on Decanter.


uk wines
Grapes coming in at Chapel Down winery.

There is nearly 25% more land under vine in 2019...

The post Expect more UK wine as vineyard planting jumps appeared first on Decanter.

uk wines
Grapes coming in at Chapel Down winery.

Around three million vines have been planted in England and Wales this year, nearly double the amount planted in 2018 and up from one million in 2017, according to trade body WineGB.

That means the UK now has an estimated 3,500 hectares of vineyards, up by 24% versus a year ago, said WineGB. A spokesperson said most most of the new plantings were believed to be the classic ‘Champagne’ trio of Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier, plus Bacchus, although precise figures were not yet available.

It will take several years for new vines to produce commercial wines and the total is still small on a global scale – Champagne has around 34,000ha planted – but the pace of growth reflects the industry’s confidence.

WineGB’s figures came as results from the Decanter World Wine Awards (DWWA) 2019 revealed a host of medals for UK wineries, including three Platinum Best in Show medals; two for Chapel Down and one for Wiston Estate.


Taste Chapel Down’s Best in Show winner Kit’s Coty Coeur De Cuvée 2014 at Decanter’s Great Sparkling Exploration on June 20
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Confidence has also been boosted in the industry by a bumper crop of high quality grapes in 2018 and a stronger presence for UK-made wines in retailers and restaurants – many of which have been running events and promotions for English Wine Week, according to WineGB.

Simon Robinson, chairman of WineGB, said, ‘Last year we set out our vision that in the next 20 years, at the rate of current growth, we could be producing some 40 million bottles per year. We’re certainly heading towards that.’ The 2018 vintage was expected to yield 15.6m bottles.

Stephen Skelton, regional chair for the UK at DWWA, told Decanter.com that the industry’s expansion with more planting and new producers was ‘all good news’.

He said that it was difficult to estimate the potential size of the market for English sparkling wine, just as nobody predicted how big Prosecco would become in the UK.

He added, ‘There will be some price wars when all these new acres come on-stream, but that’s good news for consumers.’

While 69% of UK wines are sparkling, there has also been rising interest in the potential of still wines in recent years, particularly from Bacchus, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.

Chapel Down’s Kit’s Coty Chardonnay 2016 won a Platinum Best in Show medal at DWWA 2019, for example.

‘If the 2019 edition of DWWA proves anything, it is that we can now say without any doubt that Chardonnay can ripen satisfactorily in the UK,’ said awards judges in their note on the wine.

Plantings in the UK could rise further in the coming years. Gusbourne has already said it will plant an extra 23 hectares of vines in 2020, next to its current vineyards in West Sussex, for example.


See UK medal winners from DWWA 2019


 

The post Expect more UK wine as vineyard planting jumps appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.