Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
us wine exports
US wine shipments to China fell in 2018.

China said today (13 May) that it would raise import tariffs on thousands of US products, predominantly in the agriculture sector, from 1 June in retaliation for fresh US tariffs announced late last week. Wine will be among the products targeted, confirmed the California-based Wine Institute. It said, ‘Effective June 1, China will add another […]

The post Fresh China tariffs a worry for US wine producers appeared first on Decanter.


us wine exports
US wine shipments to China fell in 2018.

China said today (13 May) that it would raise import tariffs on thousands of US products, predominantly in the agriculture sector, from 1 June in retaliation for fresh US tariffs announced late last week. Wine will be among the products targeted, confirmed the California-based Wine Institute. It said, ‘Effective June 1, China will add another […]

The post Fresh China tariffs a worry for US wine producers appeared first on Decanter.

us wine exports
US wine shipments to China fell in 2018.

China said today (13 May) that it would raise import tariffs on thousands of US products, predominantly in the agriculture sector, from 1 June in retaliation for fresh US tariffs announced late last week.

Wine will be among the products targeted, confirmed the California-based Wine Institute.

It said, ‘Effective June 1, China will add another 15% tariff on US wine imports to their country. The additional 15% tariff is on top of a previous 15% tariff increase implemented in April 2018 and another 10% increase in September 2018. When compounded, the new total tax and tariff rate will be 98%.’

‘This is the third Chinese tariff increase on US wine in the past 14 months, and with each additional round, it becomes more and more difficult to compete in the fastest-growing wine market in the world,’ said Robert Koch, president and CEO of Wine Institute.

He said that the California brand remained strong in China, but he warned of ‘long-term market loss’ if the dispute between the US and China is not resolved.

Some producers have already been hit hard following China’s tariff rises on US wines in 2018.

US wine exports to China sank by nearly 25% in value in 2018, to $59.3m, with volumes down 13% – although China remained the fifth largest destination for US wines by value, according to figures from the Wine Institute.

Michael Honig, of Honig Vineyard and Winery, told Decanter.com late last week, ‘Honig’s sales to China have dropped from hundred[s] of cases to zero.’

There is a concern that US wineries could fall behind in the race to supply China’s growing middle class.

‘We are not only losing today, but will have a hard time gaining sales back as other parts of the wine world take our store and restaurant placements,’ said Honig.

Australia is one country poised to capitalise after China eliminated tariffs on Australian wines in January 2019 as part of a free trade deal between the two nations.

‘Australia and Chile have preferential trade agreements that increase market access in China relative to other key suppliers,’ wrote two academics in an article on wine supply for the US Agricultural and Applied Economics Association’s Choices magazine in late 2018.

‘The United States now faces the largest trade barrier for wine exports to China,’ said assistant professor Amanda Countryman and professor Andrew Muhammad, of Colorado State University and the University of Tennessee respectively.

They said that US wineries’ best chance of being competitive was to push a quality message.

The Wine Institute said in April this year that some of the $129.8m of US wines exported to Hong Kong in 2018 ‘are being re-exported to other countries, including Mainland China’.

Updated at 18:55 UK time with Wine Institute comments

 

The post Fresh China tariffs a worry for US wine producers appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

Feed not found.