Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.
Bordeaux 2018 market
Bordeaux en primeur tasting

It's a high-powered vintage that should suit ‘American palates'...

The post Bordeaux 2018 can crack America if prices drop, say US merchants appeared first on Decanter.


Bordeaux 2018 market
Bordeaux en primeur tasting

It's a high-powered vintage that should suit ‘American palates'...

The post Bordeaux 2018 can crack America if prices drop, say US merchants appeared first on Decanter.

Bordeaux 2018 market
Bordeaux en primeur tasting

A ripe, rich and silky Bordeaux 2018 vintage, balanced by freshness in the best cases, has garnered interest among US trade buyers.

‘We believe 2018 is the most exciting red wine vintage since 2010, even if not as homogenous across all appellations as 2015 and 2016 were,’ said Shaun Bishop, CEO of JJ Buckley in California.

‘There is more of everything in 2018 – tannin, fruit, alcohol, power, and freshness – and we believe the wines are well suited to the American palate and should be well received once released into the market.’

On the East Coast, Phil Bernstein, general manager of MacArthur Beverages in Washington DC, agreed with critics that the wines were ‘good overall’, although he added, ‘some wines were way too disjointed and some just “too much of a good thing” for my taste’.

Will the still-in-barrel 2018 vintage reinvigorate the US market for Bordeaux futures?

Prices need to come down at least to 2015 levels, and possibly more, for futures sales to work, according to several US industry representatives.

Jeff Zacharia, of Zachys in New York, said Château Angélus set a ‘very good tone’ with a 2018 en primeur release that was down 8.7% versus 2017, at €252 ex-Bordeaux. That’s the same release price as for its heralded 2015 vintage.

Several US merchants were this week offering Angélus 2018 in bond at around a 10% discount on the 2017 vintage. The wine, which was scored highly by Decanter’s Jane Anson, also received a warm response in the UK.

Looking at Bordeaux 2018 futures pricing in the US more generally, Bishop said that this level of reduction was ‘clearly not enough to create excitement and a real motivation to buy [today]’.

He said that 2018 pricing ‘should be reduced by 15-20%’ from 2017 to do so.

Some traders are also concerned at the prospect of extra tariffs on European Union wines entering the US – a move recently threatened by US trade officials within a dispute with the EU at the World Trade Organisation.

Bishop said, ‘I am concerned about potential wine tariffs, and specifically the unknown rate of such tariffs, because given the nature of futures, this becomes a much bigger issue than if the wine was sold in bottle, ready for delivery now.’

Editing by Chris Mercer


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Laurel Gray Vineyards

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