Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Its been over 15 years since Sideways came out. Is that long enough? Here are 5 Merlot wine facts that will get you into the good stuff.

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The best fried chicken wine pairing is Champagne. Find out what it is about this flavor pairing that's so undeniably good and which sparkling wines to choose for the perfect pairing.

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If you enjoy a glass of wine before sex, it might do more than get you in the mood. Drinking more than 5 glasses of red wine per month has been associated with increased ovary productivity.

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Lodi is a treasure trove of old vines and forgotten wine varieties. If there is one grape variety that defines Lodi wine, it's Zinfandel.

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Common vine diseases include harmful ones like powdery mildew, downy mildew, bunch rot and Pierce's Disease. However, some afflictions, like noble rot, are often preferred as they produce high-quality wines.

Here are 12 facts that will completely change the way you think about red wine.

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Read on for recommendations, flavor profiles, and Tempranillo wine facts that define the special nature of this wine variety.

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T.V. Munson was an American viticulturalist who perfected the science of vine grafting, saving the European wine industry after grafting American phylloxera-resistant rootstocks onto European vines after the Great French Wine Blight.

When we use the term oxidized, what we mean to say is that it has been exposed to an exceptional amount of oxygen. An oxidized wine can be recognized by a loss of intensity in aroma, color and flavor. Brettanomyces or Brett is a wild yeast, which when...

Nero d'Avola is made from the Nero d'Avola grape, translated as Black of Avola, from the small town officially named Avola, located in southeastern Sicily. From then on, the wine was made as a 100% varietal wine and is compared to Syrah.

Phylloxera is a microscopic aphid that feeds on the roots of grapevines; it is responsible for the Great French Wine Blight. Also known as Oidium, Powdery Mildew attacks both vine and grapes.

Malbec’s mild tannins are a great match to grilled, thick-fleshed fish. Malbec also pairs perfectly with rich tomato sauce-based pasta dishes. Medium to full-bodied, rich in fruit flavors and lacking the intimidating tannic structure of a classic...

Once you know this trick, you won't be frustrated by a restaurant wine list ever again. Here are 3 tips on reading wine labels.

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Thirteen amazing horror movie wine pairings. Because you're too old for candy anyway.

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Find out where your wine palate fits in the grand scheme of taste preference. You might be surprised where you fit in to the grand scheme of taste!

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Learn which wines to pair with 11 classic soups along with tips on how to create your own great matches.

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It may then come as a surprise to many to learn that Malbec is actually a French grape variety, brought over in the 1800s after The Great French Wine Blight caused by phylloxera. Today, 75% of New World Malbec is grown in Argentina.

This guide to the Columbia Valley AVA will quickly get you up to speed on what wines are worth seeking out and what you should know about Washington wine.

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Since you're likely to see more of Bulgarian wine in coming years (especially if you're on the East Coast or Europe), this introduction of the wines of Bulgaria will give you a leg up on what to look for.

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From California to New York, each state has its own primary grape that is cultivated as the star of their wine show. In Alaska and California, it's Cab Sauv, while in Oregon it's Pinot Noir.

We all need wine inspiration. Here is a great list of wines that deliver the spice, are ideal of shorter days, taste great with harvest foods, and mesh well with the changing colors of fall.

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They were huge in the 80s and then they disappeared. What happened? Turns out, an increase in excise taxes gave malternative beverages (like Zima) a leg up.

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Tardif is intriguing because it's slow to ripen – a classic sign of a high-quality red grape variety. The wines has similarities to Syrah.

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We tested two wine glasses, both designed for Cabernet Sauvignon, that offered surprisingly different results. Find out which characteristics to pay attention when looking for your perfect wine glass.

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Wine grapes are smaller with large, hard seeds for the production of tannin while table grapes are large with small seeds for added juice and sweetness.

Edaphology is the science which studies the soil's influence on living organisms, especially plants. The best vineyards are those planted in soils with a high mineral content. There are four things to observe when looking for a vineyard location...

Fire, smoke, and ash–always an unwelcome prelude to harvest. Smoke taint is a real concern for winegrowers this close to harvest.

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The differences between red and white wines go beyond the choice of grapes. Here are several fascinating facts about the real differences between red and white wines.

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You need to practice prudent pedology, the study of soil. To fortify the soil, add necessary lime, nitrogen, compost or other additives. Another consideration is ripping the soil to a 3-foot depth to spread the amendments evenly and help slow erosion

Maceration is the oenological term used to describe the process of extraction from grapes. It can be done before, during or after fermentation to yield the desired results based on the type of wine and the vintner's production plan.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.