Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Our top picks for spring wines. The rules? Wines that match the turbulent weather, pair well with the spring harvest (green!), and not break the bank.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

If you think all German wine is white, this up-and-coming region will surprise you. This in-depth guide to the wines of Württemberg will let you in on all the secrets.

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If you want to find a great red wine for under $25 consider an Argentinian Malbec, which is a smooth medium bodied red with flavors of plum, black cherry, cocoa and leather.

Both pruning and training refer to the practice of removing selected plant parts, in order to manipulate a grapevine into acting in a certain way. Training occurs at the beginning of a grapevine's life, in the first three to five years, where the....

French oak used for barrel making is often grown in one of five forests, Nevers, Tronçais, Allier, Limousin and Vosges. Oak used for barrel making comes from either French Oak, American Oak or Eastern European Oak.

One of the few red grapes with red flesh, Alicante Bouschet is an oddity that makes big, juicy red wines.

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Learn how much is in a case of wine, what it should cost, and how to put together a great mixed case.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Did you know? The average wine taster can't detect sweetness levels below 1.5 percent. Find out more about sweetness in wine.

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Yes, it's perfectly fitting to name your cat after something wine-related. Toronto-based somm (and lover of long hairs) offers up 25 wine names for cats.

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We asked consulting winemaker extraordinaire, Julien Fayard, to fill us in on what takes to do his job.

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Is Tannat the next Malbec? Tannat wine has more gusto than Cabernet Sauvignon, and wines from up-and-coming Uruguay are surprisingly affordable! Here’s what you need to know.

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In lieu of the classic choice of sake, let's chat (sushi-friendly) grape-based beverages. Find the best wine for sushi with this clever guide.

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Somms are nerding out over sparklers from the off-beat Champagne region of Côte des Bar. And you should be too. Here's your guide to the wines, regions, producers and soils of Champagne's Aube.

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Some wines are more susceptible to oxidation than others. Pinot Noir, for example, is highly sensitive and prone to quicker oxidation. An open bottle of wine can last anywhere up to 5 days, with exact time depending on the way the wine was made.

Pre-Christian yes, but calling it pagan seems a bit heathen. Here's a brief history of the tradition of toasting and its origins in Georgia.

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It's hard not to fall in love with Moscato d'Asti. This perfumed, sweet Italian white wine has captivated wine drinkers of all kinds.

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If you can drink a mimosa for breakfast, then wine for breakfast is fine too. In fact, one could make a pretty strong argument to ditch the OJ altogether and just drink wine.

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Breakups suck. They might even inspire you to drink. So, if you're going to drink, you might as well do it right! Here are 6 classic breakup situations and the wines to match them.

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The word "natural" is a bit more ambiguous than you might think. Here's what you to need to know about this hot trend and what it means for your wine drinking pleasure.

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A Teinturier grape is red wine grape with dark skins, flesh, and juice. In contrast, regular wine grapes have dark skins, but clear flesh.

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Find out how to make goat cheese wine pairings taste amazing. There are two traditional favorites (Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc) plus...

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If you're a wine enthusiast that prefers white wine then you're a rare bird. Here are 4 things every white wine lover puts up with.

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This guide will help you understand the most important wine and wine regions of Victoria and what you'll want to seek out and taste.

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Certain wine varieties produce the highest quality when grown in a cooler climate. Find out which wines perform best and see some examples of famous cool-climate regions.

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A new study has headlines shouting "wine will clean your brain!" So, what does this study really signify? Find out the real story.

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Learn what wine goes best with the major styles of lasagna, tackling red sauces, white sauces, pesto, & even moussaka!

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

The wine temperature during storage determines how a wine will taste. The storing and serving temperature will determine how your palate perceives wines and will bring out their full potential. Find out which glasses are right for each particular wine!

These 12 food and wine pairings aren't classics but they work great together. Ever heard of chips and Champagne, or hot dogs with Merlot? How about popcorn with Chardonnay?

Rosé wine is made using three methods that include either blending red and white wine or reducing red grape skin contact with must. direct pressing, maceration and bleeding and blending.

Some people prefer to sniff the wine cork to judge a wine, but in reality, sniffing the cork doesn't really prove a wine is good or bad. A cork can still smell fine even if the wine is tainted. Vice versa, depending on the composition of the cork, it...

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.