Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Albariño ("alba-reen-yo") is a high-quality, light-bodied white wine that grows primarily in Spain and Portugal. It's loved for its high acidity and affinity to seafood.

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Here are 12 wine flight ideas (plus, how to create your own) that will improve your palate and expand your wine horizons.

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Looking for food pairings for that Claret? Whether it's a Merlot-based or Cabernet-based Claret, it will go best with specific vegetables and meats like steak, venison, roasted root vegetables and creamy sauces.

Still Wine, Sparkling Wine, Fortified Wine, Brandy, Grappa and Vermouth are all styles of wine that differ based on their alcohol content and vinification process.

Pedology and Edaphology are the two divisions that make up the study of soil, otherwise referred to as soil science. Along with climate, temperature and exposure to sunlight, soil is one of the 4 natural factors that affect the quality of wine.

Historical and religious writings reveal that wine existed as far back as Egyptian times, but instead it is the Ancient Romans that we have to thank for much of the wine that we enjoy today.

With thousands of reds, whites and rosés to choose from, selecting Italian wine can be a daunting challenge. We reached out to prominent sommeliers and wine directors to pick the most laudable labels, and they responded with reliable recommendations.

Red wine’s most outstanding health claim, over the years, is the heart-healthy benefits of high levels of polyphenols. Also referred to as phenolics and phenol, these chemical compounds largely contribute to the taste and color of wine, but they also giv

While Pinot Noir grapes are grown in Mendoza, Argentina’s best-known wine region, it is in Patagonia that the variety truly thrives. Situated some 900 miles south of Mendoza, Patagonian grapes experience more wind in their lifetime. ...

For instance, adding a Cabernet Sauvignon to a dark chocolate ice cream is a good pairing, as the wine has bold enough flavors to contrast the chocolate; likewise a classic vanilla ice-cream will go well with the oaky and buttery flavor of Chardonnay.

Italy is surrounded by 80 islands. Though most its world-class wine comes from the mainland, there are lesser-known varieties to be found at these often overlooked islands.

Everyone knows about Sangria, and you probably even have a favorite recipe for it. And if you don't, then we have one on here for you, just in case... How to Prepare Apricot-Thyme Cocktail... The Basil-Blueberry Mixer...

One of the most important moments in a grapevine’s annual lifecycle is when grapes turn from green to red and start to become sweet. The French call this process veraison (“verr-ray-zohn”).

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Let's take a closer look at Cognac and how white wine grapes are at the core of the production of this world-renown brandy.

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Melon and Proscuito Wraps are sweet, salty, juicy snacks and pair best with a dry Rosé. medium-bodied, floral white wine like an Argentine Torrontes, Pinot Grigio, a Halbtroken Riesling or a dry, unoaked Chardonnay for goat cheese salads

Find the best pairings with grilled foods and barbecue including matching the right wine with different styles of Barbecue sauce.

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Some red wines have significantly higher levels of what science has determined to be the beneficial ingredients found in wine. Find out which red wines are the best for you (and surprise: it's not Cabernet or Pinot Noir!)

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Let's find out more about Croatia's most important wines and wine regions because they are delicious!

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Here are a two valid reasons why some people might want to avoid tannin in wine along with 16 red wines that are typically low in tannin.

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No. It wasn't France. Nor was it Italy. The most current evidence suggests that the first wines made with grapes originated in the Caucasus mountains

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Take a moment to appreciate the history of some of the United States’ firsts in wine.

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Find out what qualities define the best summer wines and learn about several lesser-known red wine varieties that pair excellently with the summer heat.

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Armed with the right information you can create amazing wine and cheese pairings on your own. Here are several classic pairings and why they work.

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Uncover delicious wines you've probably never heard of with these data visualizations that organize wines by style and price.

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Discover the wines of Tenerife through Master Sommelier, Brian McClintic's, passionate adventure.

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After compiling the highest-rated Napa Valley wineries on TripAdvisor and Yelp, a Napa valley resident and winery owner visited each one to find out if they lived up to the hype.

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We’re all familiar with Cabernet Sauvignon or Zinfandel of California, Riesling of Germany, Sangiovese of Italy or Super Tuscans, Pinot Noir of Burgundy. However, there are other varietals that thrive in these regions and are very good wines. Try These:

The original Prosecco wasn't the sweet, fruity bubbly we know today. Find out more about "col fondo" or "rifermentato in bottiglia," a funky, cloudy Prosecco unlike any other.

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Picpoul means "lip stinger" and is just one of the intriguing white wines from the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France.

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Vouvray ("VOO-vray") is a Chenin Blanc wine. It's loved for it's floral aromas and boisterous taste that will pucker your lips and make you wish for another sip.

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.