Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

32 wines for beer lovers. 32 beers for wine lovers. Everybody wins with this comprehensive guide.

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Before you start, keep in mind that sparkling wines are under pressure, when you handle the wine keep the cork pointed in a clear direction, away from your face, other people’s faces, windows or fragile objects.

Get the low-down on our hand-curated (and tested) selection of unique wine gifts for 2017.

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It's high time that people stop saying these 12 things about wine.

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Old World wine originated centuries ago in Italy, Spain and France, while the New World version is from the U.S., Australia and South Africa. An example of the misconception is that a specific wine made in Italy is called Old World, but the same varietal

For these joyous occasions, bottles are most often filled with a sparkling wine. If a social statement is to be made, Champagne is usually the preferred pour. As the years progress, however, the alternative libation is Prosecco or Cava, the Italian an...

Wines perfect for holiday celebrations, rich cuisine, and cold weather.

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What's Sekt? It's the term used for sparkling wines in Germany and Austria. And, it just might have the potential to roust France's stronghold on bubbly.

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You need to load up on bubbly, but clueless about cost and quality? Not to worry! There's great Champagne and sparkling wine for every budget.

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Some of the wines we pair for Christmas are fortified wines, like Port and Sherry... A savory roast goose with its rich fatty meat pairs well with the deep stone fruit flavors and tannins in an Italian Barolo

Make a few sections in this binder where you will categorize your wines: red wine, white wine and rosé wine. Then add a couple other sections for those tastings which do not fall into those genres, like distilled wine spirits (i.e. Cognac and Brandy)....

The best wines to pair with apple pie, pumpkin pie, and even cheesecake! Prepare to make enemies with your dentist.

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There are some differences to Kosher wines that are of interest even to non-Jews like those of us with dietary restrictions. Find out more about Kosher wine and where to look for good kosher wines.

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One of the world’s great cuisines calls for a great wine. Here’s what to pair with Thai–a food that combines the sweet, the sour, the salty, and the spicy in perfect harmony.

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How to find the best wine clubs for your budget and tastes including 10 wine club reviews and which wine clubs to avoid at all costs.

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Its been over 15 years since Sideways came out. Is that long enough? Here are 5 Merlot wine facts that will get you into the good stuff.

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The best fried chicken wine pairing is Champagne. Find out what it is about this flavor pairing that's so undeniably good and which sparkling wines to choose for the perfect pairing.

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If you enjoy a glass of wine before sex, it might do more than get you in the mood. Drinking more than 5 glasses of red wine per month has been associated with increased ovary productivity.

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Lodi is a treasure trove of old vines and forgotten wine varieties. If there is one grape variety that defines Lodi wine, it's Zinfandel.

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Common vine diseases include harmful ones like powdery mildew, downy mildew, bunch rot and Pierce's Disease. However, some afflictions, like noble rot, are often preferred as they produce high-quality wines.

Here are 12 facts that will completely change the way you think about red wine.

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Read on for recommendations, flavor profiles, and Tempranillo wine facts that define the special nature of this wine variety.

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T.V. Munson was an American viticulturalist who perfected the science of vine grafting, saving the European wine industry after grafting American phylloxera-resistant rootstocks onto European vines after the Great French Wine Blight.

When we use the term oxidized, what we mean to say is that it has been exposed to an exceptional amount of oxygen. An oxidized wine can be recognized by a loss of intensity in aroma, color and flavor. Brettanomyces or Brett is a wild yeast, which when...

Nero d'Avola is made from the Nero d'Avola grape, translated as Black of Avola, from the small town officially named Avola, located in southeastern Sicily. From then on, the wine was made as a 100% varietal wine and is compared to Syrah.

Phylloxera is a microscopic aphid that feeds on the roots of grapevines; it is responsible for the Great French Wine Blight. Also known as Oidium, Powdery Mildew attacks both vine and grapes.

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Once you know this trick, you won't be frustrated by a restaurant wine list ever again. Here are 3 tips on reading wine labels.

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Thirteen amazing horror movie wine pairings. Because you're too old for candy anyway.

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Find out where your wine palate fits in the grand scheme of taste preference. You might be surprised where you fit in to the grand scheme of taste!

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.