Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

This guide to the Columbia Valley AVA will quickly get you up to speed on what wines are worth seeking out and what you should know about Washington wine.

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Since you're likely to see more of Bulgarian wine in coming years (especially if you're on the East Coast or Europe), this introduction of the wines of Bulgaria will give you a leg up on what to look for.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

From California to New York, each state has its own primary grape that is cultivated as the star of their wine show. In Alaska and California, it's Cab Sauv, while in Oregon it's Pinot Noir.

We all need wine inspiration. Here is a great list of wines that deliver the spice, are ideal of shorter days, taste great with harvest foods, and mesh well with the changing colors of fall.

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They were huge in the 80s and then they disappeared. What happened? Turns out, an increase in excise taxes gave malternative beverages (like Zima) a leg up.

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Tardif is intriguing because it's slow to ripen – a classic sign of a high-quality red grape variety. The wines has similarities to Syrah.

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We tested two wine glasses, both designed for Cabernet Sauvignon, that offered surprisingly different results. Find out which characteristics to pay attention when looking for your perfect wine glass.

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Wine grapes are smaller with large, hard seeds for the production of tannin while table grapes are large with small seeds for added juice and sweetness.

Edaphology is the science which studies the soil's influence on living organisms, especially plants. The best vineyards are those planted in soils with a high mineral content. There are four things to observe when looking for a vineyard location...

Fire, smoke, and ash–always an unwelcome prelude to harvest. Smoke taint is a real concern for winegrowers this close to harvest.

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The differences between red and white wines go beyond the choice of grapes. Here are several fascinating facts about the real differences between red and white wines.

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You need to practice prudent pedology, the study of soil. To fortify the soil, add necessary lime, nitrogen, compost or other additives. Another consideration is ripping the soil to a 3-foot depth to spread the amendments evenly and help slow erosion

Maceration is the oenological term used to describe the process of extraction from grapes. It can be done before, during or after fermentation to yield the desired results based on the type of wine and the vintner's production plan.

3 simple tips on how to always find great tasting wines at the best values.

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The wine regions in the path of totality of the 2017 Eclipse as it flies over Oregon (and Idaho).

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Saignée ("sohn-yay") means "to bleed" and it also describes a method of wine making that produces a very unique style of rosé wine.

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Here are 9 wines to try that prove sweet wines are amongst the finest wines of the world.

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Learn about which foods pair best with Malbec wine and why.

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This guide will give you a lay of the land and point out 12 Greek wines you should be sipping.

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This in-depth guide identifies the most important wines of Greece and where they grow. Use the map to learn more about the modern wines of Greece.

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Albariño ("alba-reen-yo") is a high-quality, light-bodied white wine that grows primarily in Spain and Portugal. It's loved for its high acidity and affinity to seafood.

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Here are 12 wine flight ideas (plus, how to create your own) that will improve your palate and expand your wine horizons.

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Looking for food pairings for that Claret? Whether it's a Merlot-based or Cabernet-based Claret, it will go best with specific vegetables and meats like steak, venison, roasted root vegetables and creamy sauces.

Still Wine, Sparkling Wine, Fortified Wine, Brandy, Grappa and Vermouth are all styles of wine that differ based on their alcohol content and vinification process.

Pedology and Edaphology are the two divisions that make up the study of soil, otherwise referred to as soil science. Along with climate, temperature and exposure to sunlight, soil is one of the 4 natural factors that affect the quality of wine.

Historical and religious writings reveal that wine existed as far back as Egyptian times, but instead it is the Ancient Romans that we have to thank for much of the wine that we enjoy today.

With thousands of reds, whites and rosés to choose from, selecting Italian wine can be a daunting challenge. We reached out to prominent sommeliers and wine directors to pick the most laudable labels, and they responded with reliable recommendations.

Red wine’s most outstanding health claim, over the years, is the heart-healthy benefits of high levels of polyphenols. Also referred to as phenolics and phenol, these chemical compounds largely contribute to the taste and color of wine, but they also giv

While Pinot Noir grapes are grown in Mendoza, Argentina’s best-known wine region, it is in Patagonia that the variety truly thrives. Situated some 900 miles south of Mendoza, Patagonian grapes experience more wind in their lifetime. ...

For instance, adding a Cabernet Sauvignon to a dark chocolate ice cream is a good pairing, as the wine has bold enough flavors to contrast the chocolate; likewise a classic vanilla ice-cream will go well with the oaky and buttery flavor of Chardonnay.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.