Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Did you know? The average wine taster can't detect sweetness levels below 1.5 percent. Find out more about sweetness in wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Yes, it's perfectly fitting to name your cat after something wine-related. Toronto-based somm (and lover of long hairs) offers up 25 wine names for cats.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

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Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

If you think all German wine is white, this up-and-coming region will surprise you. This in-depth guide to the wines of Württemberg will let you in on all the secrets.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

One of the few red grapes with red flesh, Alicante Bouschet is an oddity that makes big, juicy red wines.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Learn how much is in a case of wine, what it should cost, and how to put together a great mixed case.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

This guide to Okanagan Wine country explores the region's best wines and where they grow. Plus, for those who go, a few travel tips for the wine enthusiast.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Our top picks for spring wines. The rules? Wines that match the turbulent weather, pair well with the spring harvest (green!), and not break the bank.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

European organic production covers an area of over 150 hectares with Italy, Spain and France the leading organic wine producers. The organic logo often referred to as Euro-leaf (with 12 stars from the European flag) was introduced in March 2010, it is

The rotten egg smell in wine is caused by sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It can be removed by..... The reduction problem of rotten egg smell in wine and in the must show the wine has been reduced; it has not been exposed sufficiently to oxygen.

The best Italian red wines for beginners share 3 common characteristics: bold flavor, familiar fruit flavors, and they're typically under $20 a bottle.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

With all the news coming out about the Barolo and Barbaresco, it's the perfect time to brush up on the amazing grape behind these wines.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

With all the news coming out about the Barolo and Barbaresco, it's the perfect time to brush up on the amazing grape behind these wines.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Knowing when to decant wine can be tricky, these tips will help you decide on which wines to decant and why decanting is necessary for some wines.

This guide to Okanagan Wine country explores the region's best wines and where they grow. Plus, for those who go, a few travel tips for the wine enthusiast.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Wine varieties are simply the type or types of grapes used to make wine, these are usually categorized by color and genetic familial traits. the wine is named after the grape variety that was used to make the wine.

The best wines to use for red sangria are Spanish reds from the Rioja region. Our Red Sangria recipe is designed as a perfect standalone punch. But it can also be paired with food. To make it, you'll need......

In 2017, California wildfires, torrential rains and massive mudslides left conditions that vineyards are expected to take years to recover from.

What's the difference between a bottle of wine priced at $3.95 and one that sells for $39,000? The factors that determine the price of wine are varied and volatile. Here's an inside look at what you're getting for your money.

Wine glasses are designed for specific wine styles, find out how to pair your wines to the right glass.

Thomas Newman, personal trainer and weight loss expert offer a guide entitled French Wine for a Flat belly with a claim that French wine can reduce visceral fat in our midsection area.

Our top picks for spring wines. The rules? Wines that match the turbulent weather, pair well with the spring harvest (green!), and not break the bank.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

If you think all German wine is white, this up-and-coming region will surprise you. This in-depth guide to the wines of Württemberg will let you in on all the secrets.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

If you want to find a great red wine for under $25 consider an Argentinian Malbec, which is a smooth medium bodied red with flavors of plum, black cherry, cocoa and leather.

Both pruning and training refer to the practice of removing selected plant parts, in order to manipulate a grapevine into acting in a certain way. Training occurs at the beginning of a grapevine's life, in the first three to five years, where the....

French oak used for barrel making is often grown in one of five forests, Nevers, Tronçais, Allier, Limousin and Vosges. Oak used for barrel making comes from either French Oak, American Oak or Eastern European Oak.

One of the few red grapes with red flesh, Alicante Bouschet is an oddity that makes big, juicy red wines.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Learn how much is in a case of wine, what it should cost, and how to put together a great mixed case.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Did you know? The average wine taster can't detect sweetness levels below 1.5 percent. Find out more about sweetness in wine.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Yes, it's perfectly fitting to name your cat after something wine-related. Toronto-based somm (and lover of long hairs) offers up 25 wine names for cats.

Wine Folly - Learn about wine.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.