Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Find out what qualities define the best summer wines and learn about several lesser-known red wine varieties that pair excellently with the summer heat.

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Armed with the right information you can create amazing wine and cheese pairings on your own. Here are several classic pairings and why they work.

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Uncover delicious wines you've probably never heard of with these data visualizations that organize wines by style and price.

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Discover the wines of Tenerife through Master Sommelier, Brian McClintic's, passionate adventure.

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After compiling the highest-rated Napa Valley wineries on TripAdvisor and Yelp, a Napa valley resident and winery owner visited each one to find out if they lived up to the hype.

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We’re all familiar with Cabernet Sauvignon or Zinfandel of California, Riesling of Germany, Sangiovese of Italy or Super Tuscans, Pinot Noir of Burgundy. However, there are other varietals that thrive in these regions and are very good wines. Try These:

The original Prosecco wasn't the sweet, fruity bubbly we know today. Find out more about "col fondo" or "rifermentato in bottiglia," a funky, cloudy Prosecco unlike any other.

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Picpoul means "lip stinger" and is just one of the intriguing white wines from the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France.

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Vouvray ("VOO-vray") is a Chenin Blanc wine. It's loved for it's floral aromas and boisterous taste that will pucker your lips and make you wish for another sip.

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Chenin Blanc is a grown throughout the world, most notably in the Loire Valley of France and South Africa. What's amazing about this variety is the diversity of styles, from sparkling wines and lean, dry whites to sweet, golden nectars and even fine brandy.

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When it comes to viticulture, Botrytis Cinerea is arguably the most important fungus around. Its effect on the quality and quantity of a harvest can be devastating, yet under the correct conditions, it is responsible for some of the very best sweet wines

German Rieslings fall under Kabinett, Spatlese, Auslese and Beerenauslese in either Troken or Halbtroken styles and these all pair well with spicy Asian fare, cold-water seafood, and the last, with rich foods.

Today, the best Lambruscos are dry (secco) and barely sweet (semisecco) and almost always made in a semi-sparkling, frizzante, style. There are about 10 different varieties, but if you're just getting into Lambrusco, here are the 4 high quality varieties to know

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As the grape has spread to warmer climates, winemakers have realized that Petit Verdot can make intensely bold, fruity-yet-floral red wines that easily stand on their own.

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What started out as a good excuse to visit our chef friend turned into an outstanding recipe for a wine-inspired brunch–complete with a breakfast-friendly wine cocktail.

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Crémant is a group of sparkling wines made with the same technique as Champagne but from outside the Champagne region. This article details the 9 different Crémant wines of France and Luxembourg.

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What's happening in Oregon wine that's anything but Pinot? We asked a regional wine expert to reveal what's awesome in Oregon that you've probably never heard of.

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A fortified wine is a wine that has a higher content of alcohol, or alcohol by volume content (ABV), achieved through the addition of a distilled spirit at some point during the vinification process.

Years ago, pairing wine with cheese was considered a no-brainer. You simply followed a rule that red wine goes with hard cheese and white wine with soft cheese. But that tradition has since become outdated.

As the color of the dessert gets darker, so should the color of the wine. The wine should be as sweet as the dessert, with enough acidity for balance. Champagne, fortified wines and sweet wines are often used as dessert wines, with Sherry and Port taking

Riesling is a grape you either love to love or love to hate – that is, until you try a great dry Riesling.

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The first vineyards in North America were planted in Mexico. Here's a little overview of what's to know about modern Mexican wines.

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Choose wines with skill from the Mosel Valley and learn why this region has been considered the best place for Riesling in the world.

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Wine grapes benefit from altitude advantages not always found on ground-level plantations. These include a frost-free climate, moderate rainfall and abundant sunshine. Cooler upper air helps foster a slower growth cycle and prolonged.....

A useful tool to have on hand while tasting, the wine flavor wheel is a visual glossary of wine terms organized by where they come from.

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Those of us love wine aren't aware of how our appreciation for wine changes the way we view the world. For example, we might plan our vacations in wine regions, or spend a little more time reading the fascinating histories around wine. Of course, sometimes we do silly things too.

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Several tips on finding a great bottle of Nebbiolo wine. Particularly from the lessor known regions which offer the best value.

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You might think we at Wine Folly are just contributing to the madness with the headlines below. But, rest assured, this wine-based beverage is actually real. We can't believe it either.

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France holds a yearly international competition for the Best Wine in Box that serves as a great incentive for national and international winemakers as well as those in the business of marketing wine.

While Malbec remains the country’s most recognized grape variety, the country also offers a mixture of reds in the way of Bonarda, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir, amongst others.

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.