Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

As the grape has spread to warmer climates, winemakers have realized that Petit Verdot can make intensely bold, fruity-yet-floral red wines that easily stand on their own.

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What started out as a good excuse to visit our chef friend turned into an outstanding recipe for a wine-inspired brunch–complete with a breakfast-friendly wine cocktail.

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Crémant is a group of sparkling wines made with the same technique as Champagne but from outside the Champagne region. This article details the 9 different Crémant wines of France and Luxembourg.

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What's happening in Oregon wine that's anything but Pinot? We asked a regional wine expert to reveal what's awesome in Oregon that you've probably never heard of.

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A fortified wine is a wine that has a higher content of alcohol, or alcohol by volume content (ABV), achieved through the addition of a distilled spirit at some point during the vinification process.

Years ago, pairing wine with cheese was considered a no-brainer. You simply followed a rule that red wine goes with hard cheese and white wine with soft cheese. But that tradition has since become outdated.

As the color of the dessert gets darker, so should the color of the wine. The wine should be as sweet as the dessert, with enough acidity for balance. Champagne, fortified wines and sweet wines are often used as dessert wines, with Sherry and Port taking

Riesling is a grape you either love to love or love to hate – that is, until you try a great dry Riesling.

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The first vineyards in North America were planted in Mexico. Here's a little overview of what's to know about modern Mexican wines.

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Choose wines with skill from the Mosel Valley and learn why this region has been considered the best place for Riesling in the world.

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Wine grapes benefit from altitude advantages not always found on ground-level plantations. These include a frost-free climate, moderate rainfall and abundant sunshine. Cooler upper air helps foster a slower growth cycle and prolonged.....

A useful tool to have on hand while tasting, the wine flavor wheel is a visual glossary of wine terms organized by where they come from.

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Those of us love wine aren't aware of how our appreciation for wine changes the way we view the world. For example, we might plan our vacations in wine regions, or spend a little more time reading the fascinating histories around wine. Of course, sometimes we do silly things too.

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Several tips on finding a great bottle of Nebbiolo wine. Particularly from the lessor known regions which offer the best value.

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You might think we at Wine Folly are just contributing to the madness with the headlines below. But, rest assured, this wine-based beverage is actually real. We can't believe it either.

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France holds a yearly international competition for the Best Wine in Box that serves as a great incentive for national and international winemakers as well as those in the business of marketing wine.

While Malbec remains the country’s most recognized grape variety, the country also offers a mixture of reds in the way of Bonarda, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir, amongst others.

In this beginner article we'll show how wine labels affect our choices and affiliation with brands, along with some tips on how to look past the design for pertinent information on the bottle.

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For those of us who enjoy a little fun and folly, here are several intriguing games all centered around the topic of wine.

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Wine Quick Picks is a free app available for iPhone, iPad and Android. The app includes lists like, 100 Widely Available Store Wines and Top 25 Widely Available Bargain Wines... The Corkz app has a social media feature that lets you share .....

Beyond the use of artificial colorings, can red and white grapes be made into wine of other colors?

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Here are 4 wine cocktails that will make your St. Patrick's Day super green. These drinks aren't too sweet or alcoholic, which makes them great for a party.

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The only reason why booze has become so intertwined with this holiday is because March 17th happens to fall right in the middle of Lent. It's like a built-in Catholic "cheat" day! So, as far as we're concerned, wine is still on the menu.

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Get into the details of the regions producing the boldest Cabernet Sauvignon, Carménère and Bordeaux-style blends in Chile.

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No one goes to Rueda. It's a place where few outsiders will venture even if the region produces some of the most amazing wines along with a plethora of exotic agricultural products

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Verdejo ("Vurr-day-ho") is an uncommon light-bodied white wine that grows almost exclusively in Spain. The wine is an outstanding alternative to wines like Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Grigio with surprising changes in its flavors as it ages. Find out more about Verdejo, where it grows, what it tastes like, and food pairings.

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If you’re a fan of crisp, fresh, aromatic, fruity white wines with clean herbaceous notes, you’ll want to reach for a Verdejo.

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We decided to make some wine cocktails for St. Paddy's day that are actually good. I hope you enjoy them as much as I did (while making this video)!

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Saint Patrick’s Day is right around the corner – pints of Guinness and tumblers of Whiskey abound! If malted barley isn’t your thing, here are 5 awesome wine pairings with Irish foods that will having you dancing a jig!

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When wines that were produced to be consumed young are aged for too long (exact time period varies depending on the wine, but think 2 - 3 years for whites and a little longer for reds), they begin to dry out. Unfortunately, when you come across a wine...

Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.