Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

A single hectare of a Burgundy grand cru vineyard could have cost up to 14 million euros last year, according to the latest report from France's land agency.

nuits-st-georges vineyards
Vines in Nuits-St-Georges, Burgundy.

Top-end prices for Burgundy grand cru vineyards in the Côte-d’Or have doubled in the past decade, from an estimated cost of …Continue reading »

The post Burgundy grand cru vineyard prices double in 10 years – figures appeared first on Decanter.


A single hectare of a Burgundy grand cru vineyard could have cost up to 14 million euros last year, according to the latest report from France's land agency.

nuits-st-georges vineyards
Vines in Nuits-St-Georges, Burgundy.

Top-end prices for Burgundy grand cru vineyards in the Côte-d’Or have doubled in the past decade, from an estimated cost of …Continue reading »

The post Burgundy grand cru vineyard prices double in 10 years – figures appeared first on Decanter.

A single hectare of a Burgundy grand cru vineyard could have cost up to 14 million euros last year, according to the latest report from France's land agency.

nuits-st-georges vineyards
Vines in Nuits-St-Georges, Burgundy.

Top-end prices for Burgundy grand cru vineyards in the Côte-d’Or have doubled in the past decade, from an estimated cost of around seven million euros in 2008 – or 7.5m euros at ‘constant prices’ – to just under 14 million euros in 2017, according to French land agency Safer.

The increase follows several years of soaring global demand for wines from the most prized Burgundy ‘climats’, coupled with high profile vineyard buyouts by wealthy investors in recent years.

There is a wide variation in valuation, however. Safer said that grands crus prices started at an estimated 2.75 million euros per hectare in 2017.

Some estate agents believe that Safer figures can be too cautious, although it is hard to know for sure.

When Francois Pinault, the owner of Bordeaux first growth Chateau Latour, bought Clos de Tart in Morey-St-Denis last year it was estimated by French business newspaper Challenges that the deal was valued at more than 200 million euros. Clos de Tart has 7.53 hectares of vines.

A fee for the deal was never formally disclosed, although it was the latest of several major investments in the region.

American billionaire Stan Kroenke, who also owns Arsenal football club, purchased Bonneau du Martray in 2017.

Prior to that, luxury goods group LVMH bought Clos des Lambrays.

‘The era of corporate and billionaire ownership in Burgundy has begun,’ wrote Decanter columnist Andrew Jefford earlier this year.

There have been concerns in the region for several years about what rising vineyard prices could mean for family-owned producers seeking to navigate a path through French land succession laws.

While Burgundy grand cru prices have soared, there remains a significant disparity between the top of the region’s ‘climat’ pyramid and the base.

One hectare of vineyard land in the regional Burgundy appellation had a top price of 70,500 euros in 2017 – up from around 45,000 euros 10 years ago – and a low price of 12,700 euros, show Safer figures.


See also: Top-value red Burgundy – hidden gems in the Côte de Nuits

Published online this month for Premium members


From the Archive: A closer look at Safer and Burgundy land prices

Published in 2014

The post Burgundy grand cru vineyard prices double in 10 years – figures appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.