Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

We've rounded up a selection of wines awarded the full 100 points by our experts. A few older vintages have already featured in our Wine Legend series, but the rest are all contenders for a future place in Decanter's hall of fame.

rayas, Châteauneuf-du-pape 2016
Rayas shone particularly brightly in 2016, says Matt Walls.

Future contenders for our hall of fame, and a few that have already made it...

The post Future wine legends: Decanter 100-point wines appeared first on Decanter.


We've rounded up a selection of wines awarded the full 100 points by our experts. A few older vintages have already featured in our Wine Legend series, but the rest are all contenders for a future place in Decanter's hall of fame.

rayas, Châteauneuf-du-pape 2016
Rayas shone particularly brightly in 2016, says Matt Walls.

Future contenders for our hall of fame, and a few that have already made it...

The post Future wine legends: Decanter 100-point wines appeared first on Decanter.

We've rounded up a selection of wines awarded the full 100 points by our experts. A few older vintages have already featured in our Wine Legend series, but the rest are all contenders for a future place in Decanter's hall of fame.

rayas, Châteauneuf-du-pape 2016
Rayas shone particularly brightly in 2016, says Matt Walls.

Since Decanter’s adoption of the 100-point scale for wine reviews – done in the magazine’s buying guide for the first time in 2012 – we’ve seen our experts give maximum marks to several wines, including those in the Rhône, Bordeaux, Napa Valley, Barossa, Tuscany, Burgundy and Champagne.

Below, you can find a selection of wines that have made the grade, plus an explanation from Jane Anson on how tough decisions are made.

 


See these other tasting collections, exclusive to Premium members:

How Bordeaux 2008 tastes now

Brunello 2013: Full report and top wines

The post Future wine legends: Decanter 100-point wines appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.