Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Signorello Estate plans to open a temporary tasting room to continue to welcome tourists, while major rebuilding plans get underway after its winery building was destroyed by California wildfires last year.

signorello estate, fire, california

Signorello Estate saw its winery burned to the ground. Ray Signorello Jr said that all staff were safe, as was the 2017 and 2016 vintage, and has vowed to rebuild.

Fire-hit winery on Silverado Trail looks to bounce back...

The post Signorello Estate opens new tasting room after fire appeared first on Decanter.


Signorello Estate plans to open a temporary tasting room to continue to welcome tourists, while major rebuilding plans get underway after its winery building was destroyed by California wildfires last year.

signorello estate, fire, california

Signorello Estate saw its winery burned to the ground. Ray Signorello Jr said that all staff were safe, as was the 2017 and 2016 vintage, and has vowed to rebuild.

Fire-hit winery on Silverado Trail looks to bounce back...

The post Signorello Estate opens new tasting room after fire appeared first on Decanter.

Signorello Estate plans to open a temporary tasting room to continue to welcome tourists, while major rebuilding plans get underway after its winery building was destroyed by California wildfires last year.

signorello estate, fire, california

Signorello Estate saw its winery burned to the ground. Ray Signorello Jr said that all staff were safe, as was the 2017 and 2016 vintage, and has vowed to rebuild.

Ray Signorello Jr, owner and co-winemaker at Signorello Estate, has announced that a temporary tasting room will open for wine tourists on the Silverado Trail from 13 July this year.

Signorello’s winery building was destroyed by a ‘tornado of fire’ amid savage wildfires that swept northern California in October 2017, killing more than 40 people and leaving many more homeless.

In January 2018, Signorello launched plans to rebuild, hiring Taylor Lombardo Architects and Nordby Construction Company.

‘We can move Signorello Estate beyond our recent setbacks and towards a brighter future,’ Signorello Jr said.

As of 13 July 2018 the newly-built temporary tasting space, The Estate Room, will be open to the public.

Wine tourists can book the ‘Estate Experience’, priced at $100 per person, which includes a small group tasting, vineyard tour, plus an insight into Signorello’s ambitious rebuilding plans, according to the statement.

Signorello hopes that the new venture sends a clear message to the public that the winery is open for business, despite suffering devastating fire damage eight months ago.

The modular building will serve as Signorello’s home for as long as the winery takes to be fully rebuilt, which could be up to three years, according to a press release from the estate.

Signorello employed interior designer Katie McCaffrey to create the tasting space, she has used natural materials like wood, leather and linen alongside modern sculpture and mid-century furniture.

Signorello Jr lost his personal wine library in the fire, but the the estate’s 2017 vintage survived intact in the property’s tank farm, and the in-barrel 2016 vintage also escaped the flames.


See also: Signorello vows to rebuild after fire

The post Signorello Estate opens new tasting room after fire appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.