Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Opinions differ on the best order in which to taste different styles of wines, but there are a few golden rules, as Andy Howard MW explains.

Wine tasting order
Tasting at a Decanter Fine Wine Encounter

Does the order matter?

The post Wine tasting order: Is there a right way to do it? – Ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.


Opinions differ on the best order in which to taste different styles of wines, but there are a few golden rules, as Andy Howard MW explains.

Wine tasting order
Tasting at a Decanter Fine Wine Encounter

Does the order matter?

The post Wine tasting order: Is there a right way to do it? – Ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.

Opinions differ on the best order in which to taste different styles of wines, but there are a few golden rules, as Andy Howard MW explains.

Wine tasting order
Tasting at a Decanter Fine Wine Encounter

Wine tasting order – ask Decanter

Alistair McGlynn, Edinburgh, asks: At wine events, the bottles are usually lined up from sparkling first to dessert wines at the end, but I’ve noticed some people taste red wines first then go back to whites. Is this personal preference or is there some merit in it?’

Andy Howard MW replies: Fundamentally, the order of tasting is up to the individual.

I often find it better to taste red wines first, as one’s palate gets jaded after many wines and it can sometimes be easier to taste a fresh white after the reds, than to do it the other way round. But that’s just my opinion.

I think it’s important to taste more delicate wines before richer, heftier styles, so taste Pinot Noir before Syrah or Cabernet.

Similarly, fragrant whites would usually go before oaky white wines.

Another key thing is to taste dry to sweet, as sugar coats the palate and can make dry wines taste sharp or bitter.

Sparkling wines can also be used to freshen the palate, but try to taste these as soon as possible after they’re opened, in order to experience the mousse at its peak.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.