Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

New figures from UK customs body HMRC show that British gin exports reached more than £500 million in 2017.

british gin exports
British gin exports reached over £500 million in 2017.

Show new figures from HMRC...

The post Record highs for British gin exports in 2017 appeared first on Decanter.


New figures from UK customs body HMRC show that British gin exports reached more than £500 million in 2017.

british gin exports
British gin exports reached over £500 million in 2017.

Show new figures from HMRC...

The post Record highs for British gin exports in 2017 appeared first on Decanter.

New figures from UK customs body HMRC show that British gin exports reached more than £500 million in 2017.

british gin exports
British gin exports reached over £500 million in 2017.

New high for British gin exports

This is the first time that overseas sales of British gin have gone over half a billion pounds, at a total of £530 million.

The EU remains the biggest market for British gin, growing 16% in 2017. Spain was the country that imported the most, with £100 million of gin sales.

Asia and Oceania grew by 13%, to a total of over £31 million, indicating an important growing market.


See also: How to taste gin like a professional


‘It has been another phenomenal year of export growth for our British gin producers,’ said Miles Beale, CEO of the Wine and Spirit Trade Association.

Brexit appeal

‘On leaving the EU, we want more government support to increase exports to developed markets such as Australia, Japan, China and the US.

‘The removal of tariffs would allow Britain to maintain its position as the world’s largest spirits exporter and further boost the UK economy and provide more jobs.’

Beale also encouraged ambassadors and diplomats to help this market more by ‘committing to serve British gin at events, both home and abroad.’

Domestic gin sales

Sales of gin in the UK also increased in 2017, in the on and off trades. In the 12 months to September 2017, Brits bought £1.2 billion of gin, the equivalent of over 47 million bottles of gin.

This is up by 7 million bottles compared to the same period the previous year.

The success of the gin market at home and abroad has encouraged English winemakers to also get involved with the spirit.

Chapel Down winery in Kent launched a gin and vodka last year, using the leftover skins from the winemaking process.

The UK has more than doubled its number of distilleries in the last five years, predominantly due to the gin trend.

 

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.