Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Several alleged members of the militant French winemaker group CRAV are set to face trial this March in a sign that authorities are attempting to crack down on a wave of protests.

wine militants trial
CRAV spilling Spanish wine onto a French motorway in April 2016.

For a number of violent protests...

The post Suspected French wine militants to be tried in court appeared first on Decanter.


Several alleged members of the militant French winemaker group CRAV are set to face trial this March in a sign that authorities are attempting to crack down on a wave of protests.

wine militants trial
CRAV spilling Spanish wine onto a French motorway in April 2016.

For a number of violent protests...

The post Suspected French wine militants to be tried in court appeared first on Decanter.

Several alleged members of the militant French winemaker group CRAV are set to face trial this March in a sign that authorities are attempting to crack down on a wave of protests.

wine militants trial
CRAV spilling Spanish wine onto a French motorway in April 2016.

On 1 March, Xavier Fabre, President of the Garde winemaker union in Languedoc, along with five winegrowers from the neighbouring Hérault department, all currently in custody, are due to be tried by the criminal court of Montpellier on several charges including sabotage and criminal damage costing up to three million euros, according to prosecutors.

The case is the result of an investigation carried out by Montpellier’s SRPJ (Service Régional de Police Judiciaire) into 32 acts of violence between April 2016 and August 2017.

A defence lawyer for the accused did not wish to comment on the case when contacted by Decanter.com.

Responsibility for several attacks on wine facilities in Languedoc has been claimed by members purportedly belonging to the region’s long-standing militant winemaker group, CRAV (Comité Régional d’Action Viticole) – also known as CAV (Comité d’Action Viticole).

Wine unions in the area have condemned the violence in the past couple of years, but there has been widespread protest at the import of Spanish wines at low cost.

Some of the more violent attacks in the past two years have included opening a tanker of Spanish wine onto a motorway in France, and smashing open a merchant’s wine vat in the.

It is understood that, in connection with the case, local authorities have also agreed to open a judicial investigation into fraud, over allegations that some Spanish wine has been imported into France illegally.

A separate judicial investigation was ongoing over an arson attack on the offices of the Vinadeis winery in Languedoc on 19 July 2016.


See also:

Jefford: Hitting first 

Fraud probe finds Spanish wine passed off as French

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.