Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Sauternes producer Château Climens does not plan to make any 'first wine' from the 2017 vintage after seeing vineyards damaged by devastating frost that struck Bordeaux early in the growing season.

visit Château Climens
Château Climens in Barsac.

Yields not high enough to justify 'first wine'...

The post No Château Climens 2017 due to frost damage appeared first on Decanter.


Sauternes producer Château Climens does not plan to make any 'first wine' from the 2017 vintage after seeing vineyards damaged by devastating frost that struck Bordeaux early in the growing season.

visit Château Climens
Château Climens in Barsac.

Yields not high enough to justify 'first wine'...

The post No Château Climens 2017 due to frost damage appeared first on Decanter.

Sauternes producer Château Climens does not plan to make any 'first wine' from the 2017 vintage after seeing vineyards damaged by devastating frost that struck Bordeaux early in the growing season.

visit Château Climens
Château Climens in Barsac.

Climens, the 1er Cru Classé estate based in Barsac, said today (Friday 26 January) that it has conceded defeat to the weather in the 2017 vintage.

It was already feared that the severe frosts in Bordeaux in April 2017, particularly in the southern and Right Bank vineyard regions, could cause serious problems for some producers at harvest time.

Climens was badly affected by frost and said that a second budding in its vineyards did little to alleviate the situation.

In the end, the estate conducted a ‘grape hunt’ during harvest, but still only managed to garner 2.5 hectolitres per hectare – roughly one barrel per hectare and a record low.

‘This doesn’t give us enough ‘materia prima’ to make a honourable Climens, [and] we have thus naturally decided not to make any first wine in 2017,’ said Bérénice Lurton, proprietor of Château Climens, which is farmed biodynamically.

‘This will be the first time since 1993 [that we have not made a first wine],’ the estate said.

‘We can say that we have had the joy to be able to make very good to tremendous Climens for 23 years in a row.’

Château de Fieuzal in Pessac-Léognan announced in December 2017 that it would not be making any wine from the 2017 vintage, also due to frost.


See also: Bordeaux sees worst frost since 1991 – What now? 


 

The post No Château Climens 2017 due to frost damage appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.