Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Richard Mayson is the Regional Chair for Port & Madeira at the Decanter World Wine Awards (DWWA) 2018.

Richard Mayson
Richard Mayson

Richard Mayson Richard Mayson began his career working for The Wine Society, winning the Vintner’s Company Scholarship in 1987 during …Continue reading »

The post DWWA Regional Chair profile: Richard Mayson appeared first on Decanter.


Richard Mayson is the Regional Chair for Port & Madeira at the Decanter World Wine Awards (DWWA) 2018.

Richard Mayson
Richard Mayson

Richard Mayson Richard Mayson began his career working for The Wine Society, winning the Vintner’s Company Scholarship in 1987 during …Continue reading »

The post DWWA Regional Chair profile: Richard Mayson appeared first on Decanter.

Richard Mayson is the Regional Chair for Port & Madeira at the Decanter World Wine Awards (DWWA) 2018.

Richard Mayson
Richard Mayson

Richard Mayson

Richard Mayson began his career working for The Wine Society, winning the Vintner’s Company Scholarship in 1987 during his time there. Now specialising in the wines of Iberia, especially fortified wines, he owns a vineyard and produces wine in the Alto Alentejo, Portugal.

  • Understanding Tawny Port

He is the author of four books, including The Wines and Vineyards of Portugal (winner of the André Simon Award 2003) and Port and the Douro and Madeira: The Islands and their Wines. Mayson writes regularly for Decanter and The World of Fine Wine, contributes to the Oxford Companion to Wine and lectures for Leith’s School of Food and Wine in London.

  • Top 10 Tawny Ports

In 1999, he was made a Cavaleiro of the Confraria do Vinho do Porto in recognition of his services to the Port wine trade. He is currently series Editor for the Infinite Ideas Classic Wine Library and runs his own website for fortified wine enthusiasts, www.richardmayson.com, as well as being Pro-Chancellor of The University of Sheffield.

Follow Richard on Twitter at @richardmayson

 

The post DWWA Regional Chair profile: Richard Mayson appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.