Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Not sure what people mean when they’ve used the term claret? Confused about where the term came from? Here's some background.

claret wine

How it started...

The post What is claret wine? – ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.


Not sure what people mean when they’ve used the term claret? Confused about where the term came from? Here's some background.

claret wine

How it started...

The post What is claret wine? – ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.

Not sure what people mean when they’ve used the term claret? Confused about where the term came from? Here's some background.

claret wine

What is claret wine? – ask Decanter

A brief history of claret

Claret is a traditionally term used for Bordeaux wines in Britain. It can be traced back to the 12th century and is believed to be linked to the French term ‘clairet’.

As Oz Clarke notes in his ‘History of Wine in 100 Bottles’, claret originally referred to very light red wines from Bordeaux.

‘The local Bordeaux wines were a bit insipid and needed beefing up with wines from places like Cahors and Gaillac inland.’

The marriage of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine in 1151 influenced a trade relationship between Bordeaux and England, in which huge amounts of wine – claret – were shipped to ports in the UK.

This helped establish ‘claret’ as ‘the Englishman’s drink,’ says Clarke.

Claret today

bordeaux claret

Claret is a British term and has expanded to refer to all Bordeaux red wines.

The term claret remains predominantly British in usage.

But it is now used more frequently as a blanket description for red wines from Bordeaux, even if they are heavier in style than the lighter reds originally denoted by the word.

Some have questioned claret’s staying power in the vocabulary of 21st century wine lovers.

‘Claret has slipped from unfashionable to almost irrelevant for most drinkers now,’ said Jane Anson, Decanter’s Bordeaux correspondent.

‘Very few will even associate it with red Bordeaux. So perhaps it is ready for a revival?’


To get your question answered, email us: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or on social media with #askDecanter


More articles like this:

  • How Britain shaped the wine world 

  • The birth of claret 

  • Sir Winston Churchill: Quotes on wine 

  • Top wine quotes from Monsieur Pamplemousse

The post What is claret wine? – ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.