Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

This week sees the online launch of our Decanter Premium membership offer, bringing you regular and exclusive ratings and tastings on hundreds of fine wines for your cellar plus advice on what to drink now, exciting discoveries and where to buy them. Find out more below...

Fine wines, exclusively tasted and rated...

The post Decanter Premium launches with exclusive fine wine ratings appeared first on Decanter.


This week sees the online launch of our Decanter Premium membership offer, bringing you regular and exclusive ratings and tastings on hundreds of fine wines for your cellar plus advice on what to drink now, exciting discoveries and where to buy them. Find out more below...

Fine wines, exclusively tasted and rated...

The post Decanter Premium launches with exclusive fine wine ratings appeared first on Decanter.

This week sees the online launch of our Decanter Premium membership offer, bringing you regular and exclusive ratings and tastings on hundreds of fine wines for your cellar plus advice on what to drink now, exciting discoveries and where to buy them. Find out more below...


  • Decanter Premium offers access to over 1,000 new wine reviews every month

  • Fine wine tastings exclusively available online

  • Full Decanter magazine articles online

  • Priority booking for Decanter events 


Decanter Premium is something we have been working on for a long time and are very excited about. Mainly, because we believe it will add considerable value to anyone who loves and buys fine wine.

So why sign up?

The main reason is because each month, Premium members will get access to over 1,000 new, fine wine tasting notes – all written and curated by our expert team of tasters and editors.

This includes exclusive vertical tastings, such as Jane Anson’s report on Château Figeac going back to 1949 published this week, plus a regular mix of new releases, producer profiles, regional horizontals, vintage reports and the magazine’s latest Panel Tastings.

We’ll also provide a selected blend of classical, well-known names alongside more eclectic, exciting discovery wines. You’ll find longer tasting notes with more context and technical information in our Premium section, as well as UK and US stockist links where possible.

Alongside tasting notes, you can read full articles from the latest issue of Decanter magazine. Plus, you’ll be first in the queue when it comes to booking tickets at Decanter tasting events with some of the world’s top producers – like the upcoming, sold-out masterclass with Krug at our November Fine Wine Encounter.

If you’re already a magazine subscriber, you’ll get a discount code for Premium membership in the December 2017 issue – which will be hot off the press in the next few days.


Premium articles published this week so far include:

  • Top Brunelli wines: A Brunello di Montalcino vertical

  • Napa 1997: How the wines from this landmark vintage are shaping up

  • Mouton Rothschild: The next generation –  Interview and tasting


Because the wines have just been tasted and rated by our independent experts, they’ll provide an ever-increasing database helping you to make the most informed decisions on what to buy, drink and cellar.

Coming up, we have a selection of just-bottled Bordeaux 2015 wines, starting with those at Cru Bourgeois and ‘value’ level before following up with the top classified estates next month.

We will also be featuring a stellar and exclusive tasting of 21 Comtes de Champagne vintages by our international tastings director, Christelle Guibert, which would add panache to most Christmas dinner tables and New Year gatherings.

You’ll also be able find William Kelley’s extensive ratings on Oregon Pinot Noir, before he produces a major report on Burgundy 2016 en primeur.

Meanwhile, Matt Walls has been busy tasting up and down the Rhône Valley and will be writing about the region’s best 2016 wines from North to South.

In addition to all that, you’ll be able to see the latest in-depth notes and magazine articles from all your favourite Decanter writers, including Andrew Jefford, Sarah Jane Evans MW, Patricio Tapia, Peter Richards MW, Richard Baudains, Stephen Brook and Sarah Ahmed.

Signing up is simple and easy to do. Moreover, if you do it today, you will receive an early bird discount.

I really hope you’ll join us and give Decanter Premium a try.

John Stimpfig is Decanter’s content director.

See all Decanter Premium articles

The post Decanter Premium launches with exclusive fine wine ratings appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
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Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.