Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Get your South America trip off to a flyer at one of these sumptuous wine hotels, now with updates including the the hotel with biggest wine cellar in Brazil and a boutique Relais & Chateaux hideaway in Uruguay...

south america trip
'Each and every nook of the property is Instagram gold...' Image Credit: narbona.com.uy

Explore South America's wine regions in style...

The post Updated: Top 10 wine hotels in South America appeared first on Decanter.


Get your South America trip off to a flyer at one of these sumptuous wine hotels, now with updates including the the hotel with biggest wine cellar in Brazil and a boutique Relais & Chateaux hideaway in Uruguay...

south america trip
'Each and every nook of the property is Instagram gold...' Image Credit: narbona.com.uy

Explore South America's wine regions in style...

The post Updated: Top 10 wine hotels in South America appeared first on Decanter.

Get your South America trip off to a flyer at one of these sumptuous wine hotels, now with updates including the the hotel with biggest wine cellar in Brazil and a boutique Relais & Chateaux hideaway in Uruguay...

south america trip
'Each and every nook of the property is Instagram gold...' Image Credit: narbona.com.uy

All the luxury South America hotel recommendations have been taken from existing Decanter.com travel guides, written by our experts.

Argentina

Entre Cielos Luján de Cuyo 

south america trip

Entre Cielos, or ‘between heavens’, spot the white pod suite towering over the Malbec vines… Image Credit: entrecielos.com

Spend a few hours by the pool in the vineyard and an evening in one of the deluxe suites, and you’ll soon understand why the Swiss owners called their hotel Entre Cielos, or ’between heavens’. There is a strong design theme throughout the spa hotel and the most coveted room of all is the vineyard loft suite: a white pod on stilts towering over Malbec vines, with an outdoor Jacuzzi and rain shower that enjoy an uninterrupted view of the Andes. Book now

Recommended by Amanda Barnes, is a wine writer and editor of South American wine travel site thesqueezemagazine.com


airplane

Nearest airport Governor Francisco Gabrielli International Airport


Casa de Uco Vineyards & Wine Resort Mendoza

South America wine hotel

Magnificent Casa de Uco is spellbinding at sunset, overlooked by the Andes. Image Credit: casadeuco.com

Situated near some of the Uco Valley’s best wineries, Casa de Uco melts into the landscape with its seamless design. It’s a true countryside retreat with villas right beside the private vineyards, and its grounds are expansive (320 ha). Horse riding or cycling is offered for free to allow you to explore the resort. If you’d rather not exert yourself, head to the spa where you’ll find vinotherapy treatments, infinity pool, jacuzzi and ‘peaceful lagoon’. Gorgeous views of the Andes mountains included. Book here

Recommended by Lonely Planet’s Wine Trails © 2015


airplane

Nearest airport Mendoza


  • Argentina: High altitude Malbec


Altalaluna Boutique Hotel & Spa Salta

South American wine hotel

Panoramic views and perfect tranquility at this luxury Salta escape. Image Credit: Booking.com

In Salta’s picturesque town of Tolombón you’ll find the Altalaluna Boutique Hotel, consisting of two buildings with spacious rooms, many of which have balconies with panoramic views. Enjoying breakfast or lunch on one of its patios overlooking Cafayate valley is an unforgettable experience, as is lounging by the outdoor pool. In the gourmet restaurant, you’ll find wines from local vineyards and an extensive cellar, as well as outdoor mud ovens for al fresco dining with an edge.  Book here

Recommended by Alejandro Iglesias, sommelier and wine writer who co-founded the Argentinian wine app Vinomanos


airplane

 Nearest airport Salta


Grace Hotel Cafayate

South American wine hotel

A high-class resort surrounded by Cafayate vineyards and wineries… Image Credit: gracehotel.com

The Grace Hotel is the most exclusive accommodation option in Cafayate, featuring 12 suites and 20 private bungalows surrounded by vineyards with views of Calchaquí Valley. Ideal for golf fans, it’s home to an 18-hole course; the hotel also offers horse riding, polo fields and a full-service spa. The restaurant offers Cafayate dining at its finest, with a high-end menu featuring Andean flavours and local ingredients. There’s also a wine and cigar bar to look forward to afterwards. Book here

Recommended by Alejandro Iglesias, sommelier and wine writer who co-founded the Argentinian wine app Vinomanos


airplane

 Nearest airport Cafayate


Uruguay

Narbona Wine Lodge Carmelo

south america trip

Each and every nook of the Narbona is Instagram gold… Image Credit: narbona.com.uy

There’s a farmhouse charm to this boutique Relais & Châteaux lodge nestled between the vineyards of a private 50ha estate. Carmelo offers a peaceful step back in time accentuated by the ring of cow bells and chattering of colourful birds. Rooms in the colonial-style house at Narbona are spacious and airy, with standalone bathtubs and private terraces. The lodge’s own produce from the dairy farm, winery and distillery graces the restaurant tables. Each and every nook of the property is Instagram gold, whether you are taking tea under the pergola, wine tasting in the historic cellar or licking homemade ice cream by the pool. Book here

Recommended by Amanda Barnes, is a wine writer and editor of South American wine travel site thesqueezemagazine.com


airplane

 Nearest airport Carrasco International Airport


Estancia VIK José Ignacio Punta del Este

South American wine hotel

The brainchild of a half Norwegian half Uruguayan billionaire… Image Credit: Booking.com

One of the best hotels – maybe the best – on the Uruguayan coast, the Estancia VIK José Ignacio is the creation of a half Norwegian half Uruguayan billionaire with a passion for contemporary art and design. Overlooking both Lake José Ignacio and the Atlantic Ocean, the hotel is perched on a small hill on a wild and solitary 1,400ha site. There’s a spa, or you can hone your tennis, horse riding and polo skills. But best of all is the wine cellar, where you can taste the estate’s own wines.  Book here

Recommended by Patricio Tapio, wine writer and Regional Chair for Argentina and the rest of South America at the Decanter World Wine Awards


 airplaneNearest airport Punta del Este


 Brazil

Hotel & Spa do Vinho Vale dos Vinhedos

south america trip

An oasis in Brazil’s major wine region… Image Credit: marriott.co.uk

When you reach the top of the tree-lined driveway, the landscape of rolling hillsides carpeted with lush green vineyards could be the view from a castello in Tuscany. Each of the 128 rooms has an antiquated, regal decor and there’s an old-school charm to the silver service restaurant, which houses one of the country’s largest wine cellars. That, and a glass of local bubbly on arrival, remind you that this is the heart of Brazilian wine country, with two of the region’s top producers, Miolo and Lidio Carraro, on your doorstep. Book here

Recommended by Amanda Barnes, is a wine writer and editor of South American wine travel site thesqueezemagazine.com


airplane

Nearest airport Salgado Filho Airport


Chile

Viña Vik Cachapoal

south america trip

The state of the art winery open to guests at Viña Vik… Credit: Viña Vik

Another luxury wine wonderland from Norwegian billionaire Alexander Vik. The swooping titanium roof shimmers gold and purple in the sunshine and is the crown atop this eccentric design hotel, complete with pool, spa and a state of the art winery. Each of the 22 suites is decorated by different artists from around the world, and floor-to-ceiling windows offer stunning valley views. If you’re feeling flush try the vinotherapy bath, where an entire bottle of Vik’s £115 wine is poured into your tub for good measure. Book here

Recommended by Amanda Barnes, is a wine writer and editor of South American wine travel site thesqueezemagazine.com


airplane

Nearest airport Los Angeles Maria Dolores


Hotel Casablanca Spa & Wine Casablanca

South American wine hotel

Sauna, hot tub and bio-active spa treatments in Casablanca… Image Credit: Booking.com

Casablanca Spa & Wine is a family-run elegant boutique hotel with just twelve rooms. It boasts a sauna, hot tub and heated pool — as well as grape-based bioactive treatments. Friendly staff can point you in the direction of local producers, of which there are many – Montsecano, Casas del Bosque, Bodegas RE, Loma Larga and Quintay to name a few. Plus, as a region Casablanca was recently voted into the Great Wine Capitals Global Network, joining the likes of Rioja and Bordeaux. Book here

Recommended by Peter Richards MW, award-winning wine writer, broadcaster and Regional Chair for Chile and Brazil at the Decanter World Wine Awards 


airplane

Nearest airport Santiago


  • Wine and superyachts: Inside the billionaires’ playground


Lapostolle Residence Colchagua

South American wine hotel

Cutting edge design at this Relais & Chateaux eyrie. Image Credit: relaischateaux.com

There are several boutique wine hotels in Colchagua, perhaps the most impressive being the Lapostolle Residence, a luxurious and beautifully equipped Relais & Chateaux eyrie on the natural amphitheatre that is Apalta  a stone’s throw from the stunning deconstructed barrel design of the winery. Those of an active disposition can choose from cookery classes, horse or mountain bike rides, hikes, massages or the infinity pool. Prices are as steep as the hillsides here, but the standard is correspondingly high. Book here

Recommended by Peter Richards MW, award-winning wine writer, broadcaster and Regional Chair for Chile and Brazil at the Decanter World Wine Awards 


airplaneNearest airport Santiago


  • South America Wine Quiz – test your knowledge


More wine travel ideas:

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.