Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Find out how you could be in with a chance of winning tickets worth £110...

wine festival

Attending the 2017 Decanter Fine Wine Encounter? Take part in our social media competition to be in with a chance …Continue reading »

The post Win two Spain & Portugal Fine Wine Encounter 2018 tickets! appeared first on Decanter.


Find out how you could be in with a chance of winning tickets worth £110...

wine festival

Attending the 2017 Decanter Fine Wine Encounter? Take part in our social media competition to be in with a chance …Continue reading »

The post Win two Spain & Portugal Fine Wine Encounter 2018 tickets! appeared first on Decanter.

Find out how you could be in with a chance of winning tickets worth £110...

wine festival

Attending the 2017 Decanter Fine Wine Encounter? Take part in our social media competition to be in with a chance of winning tickets to the  Spain & Portugal Fine Wine Encounter on the 24 February 2018…

✓  Take a photo of your favourite moment at the Decanter Fine Wine Encounter

✓ Upload to Instagram and/or Twitter

✓ Use the hashtag #DecanterFWE

✓ Tag @Decanter

Terms & Conditions

This competition is only open to UK residents aged 18+.

To enter simply take a photo of your favourite moment at the Decanter Fine Wine Encounter and upload to twitter and/or Instagram using the hashtag #DecanterFWE and tag @decanter

The competition will run from 11am on Saturday 11 November – 5pm on Sunday 12 November.

By entering this competition, Decanter reserves the right to use the images for publication and promotional purposes.

Prize to be won:

Two Spain & Portugal Fine Wine Encounter Grand Tasting tickets taking place on Saturday 24 February 2017 at the Landmark Hotel, London.

The prize is non-transferable, no cash alternative will be offered.

The entrant/winner is responsible for any extra costs incurred, such as transport or accommodation.

The winner will be contacted via direct message on twitter/Instagram by a Decanter representative on Tuesday 14 November and will be announced on the Decanter Twitter and Facebook pages shortly after. The winner will be selected from those who follow @decanter and chosen by the Decanter team.

The post Win two Spain & Portugal Fine Wine Encounter 2018 tickets! appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.