Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Amanda Barnes picks three places to stay on Chilean wine estates...

Casona
La Casona at Matetic.

Explore Chile's wine country...

The post Travel: Three ‘Casonas’ in Chilean wine country appeared first on Decanter.


Amanda Barnes picks three places to stay on Chilean wine estates...

Casona
La Casona at Matetic.

Explore Chile's wine country...

The post Travel: Three ‘Casonas’ in Chilean wine country appeared first on Decanter.

Amanda Barnes picks three places to stay on Chilean wine estates...

Casona
La Casona at Matetic.

Chile wine country: Stay in a casona

Traditionally the home of the owner, most historic wineries now have a casona (house) offering a cosy stay with wine-paired evening meals.

Casa Real Hotel

Casona, Casa Real Hotel

Casa Real Hotel

In the middle of Santa Rita’s Maipo estate is its handsome Casa Real Hotel, with 16 rooms in a well-preserved 18th century mansion.

By reservation only, (+56 2) 2 362 2555.

Casa Silva

casona, Casa Silva

Casa Silva. Credit: www.casasilva.cl

Further south in Colchagua, Casa Silva’s century-old family home in the vineyard also moonlights as a boutique hotel.

Reservations only, contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. (+56) 72 2 717491.

Matetic

La Casona, Matetic

Matetic. Creidt: www.matetic.com

And on the road between Casablanca and San Antonio lies the 160ha biodynamic estate of Matetic , where you can spend the night in one of eight well-appointed rooms in the colonial-style casona surrounded by handsome gardens, with a sleek swimming pool.

Reservations only, enquire here.


Amanda Barnes is editor of www.thesqueezemagazine.com, a guide to travel and wine in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay.

Find her full guide to top South American winery hotels in the October issue of Decanter, on sale now.


More travel guides:

  • Luxury wine hotels in South America

  • Buenos Aires: Wine bars and restaurants

  • Chile weekend wine tour


 

The post Travel: Three ‘Casonas’ in Chilean wine country appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.