Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Do 'wine legs' tell you anything about what's in your glass? We speak to the experts…

wine legs
Do legs or 'tears' mean better quality?

What does it say about your wine...?

The post Do ‘wine legs’ mean a better wine? – ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.


Do 'wine legs' tell you anything about what's in your glass? We speak to the experts…

wine legs
Do legs or 'tears' mean better quality?

What does it say about your wine...?

The post Do ‘wine legs’ mean a better wine? – ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.

Do 'wine legs' tell you anything about what's in your glass? We speak to the experts…

wine legs
Do legs or 'tears' mean better quality?

‘Wine legs: It’s surely one of the most mythologised aspects of wine drinking.’


What are wine legs?

The ‘legs’ of wine are the droplets that form along the edge of your glass, when you swirl a wine.

Some believe that the appearance of them reflects the quality of the wine in the glass.

What do they tell you about a wine?

‘In all the tastings I host, I get more questions about wine legs than any other,’ said Matt Walls. ‘It’s surely one of the most mythologised aspects of wine drinking.’

The reality is that ‘legs tell you relatively little about the wine, and nothing about the quality of what’s in the glass’.

However, the myth lives on because of the real reason wine legs appear – and how difficult it can be to explain.

‘It’s essentially down to a process known as Marangoni flows,’ said Walls.

‘Tears are formed due to a combination of different forces – surface tension forces and intermollecular forces. It’s essentially caused by the gradual evaporation of alcohol in a water/alcohol solution.’

‘The only information that legs offer to the wine lover is that your wine contains alcohol. But you don’t need legs to tell you that!’

How they get there

Jane Anson, in a previous article in Decanter magazine, said, ‘When you swirl wine in your glass, alcohol will first gather at the sides, then start to evaporate, while the water (and other molecules in the wine) will turn into droplets that will crawl back to the glass, like raindrops on a window.’

‘This also means the temperature and humidity of the room that you’re tasting in will also affect the legs of the wine due to the evaporation rate of the alcohol.’


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More questions answered:

  • How to combat Prosecco teeth – ask Decanter

  • Does putting a spoon in Champagne work?

  • Does a wine bottle punt mean better quality?

The post Do ‘wine legs’ mean a better wine? – ask Decanter appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.