Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Strong early demand for Opus One 2014 has added to signs that the market for top California wines remains buoyant in 2017.

opus one, wine label, california
Opus One 2013 in high demand, say merchants.

Opus One 2014 welcome suggests California still strong...

The post Opus One 2014 flies out of the blocks, say merchants appeared first on Decanter.


Strong early demand for Opus One 2014 has added to signs that the market for top California wines remains buoyant in 2017.

opus one, wine label, california
Opus One 2013 in high demand, say merchants.

Opus One 2014 welcome suggests California still strong...

The post Opus One 2014 flies out of the blocks, say merchants appeared first on Decanter.

Strong early demand for Opus One 2014 has added to signs that the market for top California wines remains buoyant in 2017.

opus one, wine label, california
Opus One 2013 in high demand, say merchants.

Merchants in the US and UK have reported strong sales for the recently released Opus One 2014 vintage, priced at around £2,500 per 12-bottle case in bond – or £250 per single bottle in the UK and just over $300-a-bottle in the US at the time of writing*.

Liv-ex calculated that the price made it the cheapest of the last 10 Opus One vintages being traded on its platform, in the sterling currency.

Decanter’s William Kelley rated the 2014 wine at 93 points, versus 94 for the lauded 2013.

‘It’s quite a serious, savoury Opus which will need a few years in the cellar to unwind,’ said Kelley of the 2014 vintage, advising a drinking window of 2020 to 2037.


See William Kelley’s full Opus One 2014 tasting note


‘We could have sold our allocation many times over,’ said Craig Norton, sales director at Fine & Rare in the UK.

‘2014 Opus One pre-sales are selling very well,’ said Justin Grover, president of Fine Wines International in San Francisco. He added that the wine is consistently one of his best sellers.

Hart Davis Hart (HDH) in Chicago sold its full allocation, although Nick Pagoria, its vice president and retail sales manager, said that this took ‘a bit longer than for the 2013 vintage’.

He added, ‘Encouraging without a doubt – Opus One continues to be a wine that performs well year in and year out.’

This supports ongoing optimism around the California market in general, albeit the region is still a small part of the global fine wine investment scene and Bordeaux has returned to the fore in 2017.

Pagoria, of HDH, said, ‘California has been solid for us as there is constant demand for the established, high level wines. Scarcity certainly works in the favour of the smaller “Cult” producers.

Elin McCoy suggested in Decanter magazine’s October issue that some of California’s ‘cult’ wines were becoming over-blown, with minimal stylistic differences and inflated price tags.

But recent vineyard deals, like Constellation’s buyout of Schrader, indicate that the market sees little slow-down – at least for now.

A 2017 harvest heatwave was this week causing concern for Napa growers, and that could yet have repercussions for the market further down the line, but it was too early to fully assess its impact.

More articles like this:

  • Schrader sale to Constellation: Why no one should be surprised

  • Asia fine wine demand sends BI sales soaring

The post Opus One 2014 flies out of the blocks, say merchants appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.