Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Asian fine wine buyers and the ‘most successful Bordeaux en primeur campaign in seven years’ have helped UK-based wine merchant BI to a 43% rise in sales in the first half of 2017.

BI sales
Hong Kong, one of the Asian markets behind BI's cash injection... Credit: Keng Po Leung / Alamy Stock Photo

BI reports 43% sales rise due to Asian demand...

The post Asia fine wine demand sends BI sales soaring appeared first on Decanter.


Asian fine wine buyers and the ‘most successful Bordeaux en primeur campaign in seven years’ have helped UK-based wine merchant BI to a 43% rise in sales in the first half of 2017.

BI sales
Hong Kong, one of the Asian markets behind BI's cash injection... Credit: Keng Po Leung / Alamy Stock Photo

BI reports 43% sales rise due to Asian demand...

The post Asia fine wine demand sends BI sales soaring appeared first on Decanter.

Asian fine wine buyers and the ‘most successful Bordeaux en primeur campaign in seven years’ have helped UK-based wine merchant BI to a 43% rise in sales in the first half of 2017.

BI sales
Hong Kong, one of the Asian markets behind BI's cash injection... Credit: Keng Po Leung / Alamy Stock Photo
  • BI sales hit £50 million thanks to Asia boost

  • Bordeaux 2016 en primeur sales best since 2010

  • UK buyers still behind 70% of en primeur sales 

  • 2017 weather damage good news for stock holders

BI, formerly known as Bordeaux Index, said that sales hit £50 million in the first six months of 2017, up 43% compared to the same period in 2016.

BI attributed the boost to a jump in Asian demand, with clients from the area taking advantage of more favourable exchange rates and accounting for 50% of the merchant’s total sales in the half-year.

Bordeaux 2016 en primeur generated £14 million, versus £8.5 million for the 2015 vintage campaign, BI said – proving that it wasn’t a disappointment for everyone. This led to a 49% increase in BI’s overall Bordeaux wine sales in the half-year.


  • Jane Anson’s Bordeaux 2016 en primeur review


Sales of BurgundyChampagne and US wines were up by more than a third.

The results offered some hope for the UK market, with UK buyers accounting for 70% of Bordeaux en primeur sales, despite concerns about the impact of sterling weakness and political tumult.


  • So Brexit is happening – what next for the wine trade?


BI’s Asian success was led by its LiveTrade platform, which its said generated a turnover of £17.2 million in the six months and saw Asian traders behind 70% of sales.

It added that it has also seen a 79% increase in rare spirits sales, heavily driven by Asia-based buyers’ interest in rare whiskies.

In France, Rhône could be a region to watch, BI said.

Top producers, such as Château RayasJean-Louis Chave and Henri Bonneau, have seen sales increase 64% so far this year, ‘due to greater demand for back vintages being bought as an alternative to Burgundy’.

Looking ahead, BI’s managing director, Gary Boom, predicted that the fallout of 2017’s disastrous weather in some parts of France would be good for those with well-stocked cellars.

‘The plight of the 2017 harvest, which has been heavily hail and frost affected, suggests that a further future supply constraint is to be incorporated. Whilst this is awful news for affected winegrowers, it is at least welcome news for holders of stock.’


  • French wine harvest 2017 set for ‘historic low’ after frost


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.