Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Vatican officials have told Catholic priests that wine used for Holy Communion must be 'natural' and should not be sour, and that they should avoid gluten-free bread.

holy wine
Pope Francis reminds priests of Holy wine responsibilities.

And it shouldn't be sour, says Vatican...

The post Pope orders ‘natural’ wine for Holy Communion appeared first on Decanter.


Vatican officials have told Catholic priests that wine used for Holy Communion must be 'natural' and should not be sour, and that they should avoid gluten-free bread.

holy wine
Pope Francis reminds priests of Holy wine responsibilities.

And it shouldn't be sour, says Vatican...

The post Pope orders ‘natural’ wine for Holy Communion appeared first on Decanter.

Vatican officials have told Catholic priests that wine used for Holy Communion must be 'natural' and should not be sour, and that they should avoid gluten-free bread.

holy wine
Pope Francis reminds priests of Holy wine responsibilities.

New rules on Holy Communion wine and bread issued by the Vatican come due to concerns about the widespread availability of products that might be unfit for the job.

‘Until recently it was certain religious communities who took care of baking the bread and making the wine for the celebration of the Eucharist,’ said the Vatican.

‘Today, however, these materials are also sold in supermarkets and other stores and even over the internet.’

The new guidance has been sent in a letter to Bishops by the Vatican’s Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, at the behest of Pope Francis. Vatican Radio published the letter in full.

In it, Vatican officials reminded priests to check their ‘Holy wine’ stocks carefully.

‘The wine that is used in the most sacred celebration of the Eucharistic Sacrifice must be natural, from the fruit of the grape, pure and incorrupt, not mixed with other substances.

‘Great care should be taken so that the wine intended for the celebration of the Eucharist is well conserved and has not soured.’

Officials added, ‘It is altogether forbidden to use wine of doubtful authenticity or provenance.’

The only valid alternative to wine is ‘mustum’, essentially grape juice, which can be served if a person cannot have alcohol for any reason.

The letter also added that gluten-free bread is not appropriate for the Eucharist, although exceptions could be made for sufferers of coeliac disease.

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.