Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Fresh analysis suggests many English wineries are seeing record turnover from increased consumer demand, as the industry tries to get a better picture of its finances.

English wine turnover, Ridgeview
Vineyards at Ridgeview, in Sussex.

Analysis shows good momentum for English wineries...

The post English winery revenues are rising fast, shows new data appeared first on Decanter.


Fresh analysis suggests many English wineries are seeing record turnover from increased consumer demand, as the industry tries to get a better picture of its finances.

English wine turnover, Ridgeview
Vineyards at Ridgeview, in Sussex.

Analysis shows good momentum for English wineries...

The post English winery revenues are rising fast, shows new data appeared first on Decanter.

Fresh analysis suggests many English wineries are seeing record turnover from increased consumer demand, as the industry tries to get a better picture of its finances.

English wine turnover, Ridgeview
Vineyards at Ridgeview, in Sussex.

English wine turnover hitting new highs

Turnover for ‘independent’ English wine producers reached £132 million in the tax year ended 31 March, up 16% on the previous year, according to online business finance firm Funding Options.

It told Decanter.com that it analysed turnover data from producers listed at the UK’s Companies House.

Over the past five years, this turnover figure has has almost trebled, from £55.7 million in 2010/2011, said Funding Options.

Some of the revenue increase is likely to be from new producers.

Exact sales figures on English wine are difficult to obtain, but this is another sign of the emerging English wine success story.

It follows a major win for Norfolk’s Winbirri in the Decanter World Wine Awards and customs figures showing that a record 64 new wine producers in the UK obtained a licence for wine production in 2016.

Trade body English Wine Producers (EWP) couldn’t verify the Funding Options figures, but EWP’s Julia Trustram Eve said, ‘This is another good news story for English wine – and is in-line with what we already know. Production is up, in vineyards planted and volume going out.’

English wine turnover

English wine producers turnover. Credit: Funding Options


Read about the changing landscape of English sparkling wine, and which ones to try, in the August 2017 issue of Decanter, on sale now. Subscribe to Decanter.


What is the English wine sector worth?

Annual production of English wine was 4.15 million bottles in 2016, according to trade body English Wine Producers. Champagne produces around 300 million bottles per year.

But, less is known about overall English wine sales. Stephen Skelton MW, an English wine specialist, cautioned that there was currently no official figure, incorporating duty-free sales as well as duty-paid orders.

‘The growth in exports is extraordinary,’ said Trustram Eve. ‘Also, what we know from individual retailers – like M&S and Waitrose – shows a steady upswing in sales.’

She added, ‘We do want to get a better picture of the landscape, and more raw data – find out what our industry is experiencing, beyond the top-line production numbers and details from retailers.’

English Wine Producers is set to merge with the United Kingdom Vineyards Association and this should help to improve market data, said Trustram Eve.

There are plans for an English wine economic market report to be commissioned later this year.

There is also wine made that is not yet available on the market; in the case of the sparkling wines, some will still be in the cellar.

With a growing shift towards more non-vintage English sparkling, some is being held back as reserve wine, too.

Exports

Exports are becoming more import for English wine; in 2016, English and Welsh wines were sent to 27 countries, according to a government report earlier this year.

The report also stated that producers are committed to increasing total exports to 2.5 million bottles in 2020.

English wine is also growing in popularity in New York, according to local resident Elin McCoy and will be a ‘must-have’ for every restaurant wine list, according to Ronan Sayburn MS.

More on English wine

English wine quiz: Test your knowledge

See also:

English wine Winbirri scoops one of top prizes at Decanter World Wine Awards 2017

'Perfect aperitif' English still wine wins big at DWWA...

Wine Trails: Five English wineries to visit – South Downs

Five English wineries to visit 01. Three Choirs As the twisted vines testify, this vineyard in Wickham, on the southwest…

Taittinger English vineyard plan marks ‘a new chapter’

Little has been said publicly so far, but trade body English Wine Producers was privately enthusiastic about the Champagne Taittinger…

Taittinger plants first vines for English sparkling wine

Planting has started...

Climate change will ‘threaten productivity’ in English winemaking, says study author

A new study says that UK climate change ‘threatens productivity’ in English winemaking, as weather becomes more variable.

Update: Champagne Pommery to make English wine & develop vineyards

The partnership, announced on the first day of the London Wine Fair, will see Vranken-Pommery’s chef de cave, Thierry Gasco,…

British Airways to serve English sparkling wine in First Class

The new guest wine on British Airways...

Pre-orders begin for second vintage of Queen’s English wine

Queen joins ranks of English wine producers...

English sparkling wine ‘undervalued’, says Master of Wine

The renowned English wine industry consultant and Regional Chair for the UK at the Decanter World Wine Awards made the…

Will English wine become a collector’s item?

Liv-ex just reported its first English wine trade...

The post English winery revenues are rising fast, shows new data appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.