Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

From presidents to Hollywood stars, the rich and famous have often been drawn to the world of winemaking. But does their star status of shine through in their wines? Our experts have tasted ten of the top celebrity wines to find out, from the Trump Winery to Jay Z's Ace of Spades Champagne...

Celebrity wines

Can the wines of celebrities can match their star status...?

The post Ten of the top celebrity wines – can you taste the stardust? appeared first on Decanter.


From presidents to Hollywood stars, the rich and famous have often been drawn to the world of winemaking. But does their star status of shine through in their wines? Our experts have tasted ten of the top celebrity wines to find out, from the Trump Winery to Jay Z's Ace of Spades Champagne...

Celebrity wines

Can the wines of celebrities can match their star status...?

The post Ten of the top celebrity wines – can you taste the stardust? appeared first on Decanter.

From presidents to Hollywood stars, the rich and famous have often been drawn to the world of winemaking. But does their star status of shine through in their wines? Our experts have tasted ten of the top celebrity wines to find out, from the Trump Winery to Jay Z's Ace of Spades Champagne...

Celebrity wines

Ten of the top celebrity wines

  • Originally published in Decanter magazine, click here to subscribe to get the latest tastings, reviews and wine news.

See below for expert reviews of well-known wine stars like the Trump Winery, Jay Z’s Ace of Spades Champagne and The Godfather director Francis Ford Coppola’s Inglenook wines. As well as Brad Pitt and Angelina’s Miraval rosé, from former couple’s Provence vineyard where they celebrated their wedding in 2014.

  • How good is Jay Z’s ‘Ace of Spades’ Champagne?

  • Business as usual at Pitt and Jolie’s Château Miraval, says winemaker

Names you might not immediately associate with the wine world include former No 1 professional golfer Ernie Els, who has made a foray into the Stellenbosch wine scene, followed by Cliff Richard’s Portuguese reds and fashion king Roberto Cavalli’s wines from Tuscany. Find out how the experts rated their winemaking enterprises…

Armand de Brignac, Gold Brut, Champagne, France

The flagship wine is equal parts of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir with 20% of Pinot Meunier – and a blend of three vintages...

Points 95

Inglenook, Napa Valley, Rutherford, Rubicon, 2013

Juicy red fruit, spice and rich soil preface a sacvoury, fresh and elegantly medium-bodied wine cut from classical cloth...

Points 93

Miraval, Côtes de Provence, Provence, France, 2016

Its fate may be uncertain, though it still belongs to Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie currently...

Points 92

Ernie Els, Signature Blend, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 2013

Former world No 1 professional golfer Ernie Els has earned the nickname Big Easy for his tall stature and fluid golf swing...

Points 88

Quinta do Moinho, Vida Nova Reserva, Algarve, Portugal, 2012

Cliff Richard has a string of hits going back many years, among them Where Do We Go from Here; sadly the same could be said...

Points 91

Tenuta degli Dei, Cavalli, Tuscany, Italy, 2013

Roberto Cavalli, the Leopard King fashion designer, ventured into the wine world with his first vintage...

Points 90

Two Paddocks, Central Otago, New Zealand, 2015

Actor Sam Neill started with a modest 2ha of Pinot Noir in his native region, Central Otago on South Island...

Points 91

Seresin, Sun & Moon Pinot Noir, Marlborough, 2012

Hollywood cinematographer Michael Seresin may be more used to being behind the lens than in its full glare, but the spotlight...

Points 93

Château de Tigné, Anjou Blanc, Les Maillones, Loire, 2015

Larger than life French actor and bon-viveur Gérard Depardieu surely needs little introduction. After his outstanding performance...

Points 91

Blenheim Vineyards, Painted White, Virginia, USA, 2015

Dave Matthews, a musician and singer more prominent in the US than in Europe, is known for a style of music described by some critics as lacking in personality...

Points 89

The post Ten of the top celebrity wines – can you taste the stardust? appeared first on Decanter.


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.