Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Best known for its Icewine, Canada is steadily gaining recognition for its dry wines too. Track down some of these Canadian wine recommendations, recently tasted by Decanter's tasting team.

Stockists are listed for North America and UK, where available

Canadian wine recommendations

Track down these Canadian wine recommendations from Decanter's tasting team...

The post Ten Canadian wine recommendations appeared first on Decanter.


Best known for its Icewine, Canada is steadily gaining recognition for its dry wines too. Track down some of these Canadian wine recommendations, recently tasted by Decanter's tasting team.

Stockists are listed for North America and UK, where available

Canadian wine recommendations

Track down these Canadian wine recommendations from Decanter's tasting team...

The post Ten Canadian wine recommendations appeared first on Decanter.

Best known for its Icewine, Canada is steadily gaining recognition for its dry wines too. Track down some of these Canadian wine recommendations, recently tasted by Decanter's tasting team.

Stockists are listed for North America and UK, where available

Canadian wine recommendations

Those in-the-know will not have been surprised to see Canada performing so well at the Decanter World Wine Awards 2017, spearheaded by a coveted Platinum Best in Show prize for Adamo Riesling 2016.

  • See all Canadian wine medals at DWWA 2017

It was with this in mind that Decanter’s tasting team headed down to a wine showcase at the Canadian embassy in London. You can find our favourites below.

Finding some of the wines below may prove tricky to find if you live outside of Canada, but stockists in North America and UK have been included where possible.

This difficulty is partly down to the low production levels, but mostly because of the strict laws regulating Canadian wine sales which make it far more profitable for wineries to sell their wares at the cellar door – but this makes finding one of the gems below all the more rewarding.


Ten Canadian Wine recommendations:

Painted Rock, Okanagan Valley, Cabernet Franc, 2014

A Cabernet Franc with beautiful purple edging and a fragrant nose of dried herbs and plummy dark fruit. There are quite dense cassis...

Points 92

Checkmate, Okanagan Valley, Attack Chardonnay, 2014

Describing itself as making 'New World Chardonnay and Merlot with Old World elegance', this winery is part of Anthony von Mandl's group of...

Points 92

Stratus, Vinemount Ridge, Charles Baker Riesling, 2012

Banks is a Riesling lover, and this is his personal project, supported by the team at Stratus where he makes more Bordeaux-style wines...

Points 92

Le Vieux Pin, Okanagan Valley, Equinoxe Syrah, 2013

When you see mention of Rhône luminaries such as Jamet, Chave and Clape as Le Vieux Pin's inspiration for this wine, produced from...

Points 91

Foxtrot, Okanagan Valley, The Waltz Pinot Noir, 2014

This is the little brother to the Estate Pinot Noir, with fruit sourced from three vineyards (the waltz is a dance done in triple time, linking...

Points 91

Seven Stones, Similkameen Valley, Meritage, 2011

George Hanson farms 8 hectares of vines in the beautiful Similkameen Valley, often overshadowed by neighbouring Okanagan. This is a blend of...

Points 91

Cave Spring Cellars, Beamsville Bench, The Adam Steps

A gorgeous expression of Riesling from a 38 year old block of vines, situated near the limestone outcrops known as The Adam Steps which...

Points 91

Okanagan Crush Pad, Okanagan Valley, Narrative Ancient

This sparkling wine is made in the méthode ancestral / pétillant naturel style, bottled during fermentation so that the carbon-dioxide...

Points 90

Sperling Vineyards, Okanagan Valley, Brut Reserve Nature,

This is the winery where Ann Sperling (of Southbrook Vineyards in Ontario) grew up. It was first planted to table grapes in the 1930s, and is best known for...

Points 90

Okanagan Crush Pad, Okanagan Valley, Haywire Secrest

From a 15ha vineyard at 487m altitude on alluvial soils, this Gamay sees 12 hours of skin contact before being pressed directly into...

Points 90

 

Related content:

The post Ten Canadian wine recommendations appeared first on Decanter.


Read full article on decanter.com


Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.