Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Life in Britain in the Dark Ages wasn't as bad as billed, at least for kings and their entourage, suggest findings at an archaeological dig at a 1,500-year-old castle in Cornwall.

tintagel castle, king arthur's castle
Tintagel Castle is open to visitors.

Life wasn't so bad in the Dark Ages...

The post ‘King Arthur’s castle’ hosted feasts of wine and oysters appeared first on Decanter.


Life in Britain in the Dark Ages wasn't as bad as billed, at least for kings and their entourage, suggest findings at an archaeological dig at a 1,500-year-old castle in Cornwall.

tintagel castle, king arthur's castle
Tintagel Castle is open to visitors.

Life wasn't so bad in the Dark Ages...

The post ‘King Arthur’s castle’ hosted feasts of wine and oysters appeared first on Decanter.

Life in Britain in the Dark Ages wasn't as bad as billed, at least for kings and their entourage, suggest findings at an archaeological dig at a 1,500-year-old castle in Cornwall.

tintagel castle, king arthur's castle
Tintagel Castle is open to visitors.

Kings and residents of Tintagel Castle in Cornwall imported wines and feasted on a diet of oysters, cod and roast pork, show new findings at the site.

Tintagel has been frequently associated with the legend of King Arthur and his famous knights of the round table.

While evidence of that particular story may be thin, archaeologists have become convinced that Tintagel was an important seat of power from the fifth and sixth centuries AD onwards in Dark Ages Britain.


Live like a Dark Ages king: How to match oysters with wine


tintagel castle, cornwall

An artist’s impression of how the great hall at Tintagel probably looked. Credit: English Heritage / Bob Marshall

Excavation work has revealed more about everyday life inside Tintagel’s stone walls after the Roman legions left Britain to defend their shrinking empire.

‘It is easy to assume that the fall of the Roman Empire threw Britain into obscurity,’ said Win Scutt, properties curator for western regions at English Heritage, now in possession of Tintagel.

‘But here on dramatic Cornish cliff top they were making use of substantial stone buildings, using fine table wares from as far away as Turkey, drinking from decorated Spanish glassware and feasting on pork, fish and oysters.’

The remains of large clay pots, known as amphorae and which were commonly used to transport wine and oil, were found alongside several other items believed to have been imported from the Mediterranean region in the fifth and sixth centuries, English Heritage said this week.

The current archaeological dig is running until 11 August, it added.

Three years ago, archaeologists from the University of Cambridge found what they believed to be the remains of a Roman-era vineyard in southern England, suggesting the current trend for English wines may have a richer heritage than initially thought.

Much less is known about the types of wines that might have been made, or even imported. However, research on other wine drinking regions around the Mediterranean has revealed that it was common to add herbs and spices to wine in this era.

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.