Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Decanter's expert tasting team bring you a weekly selection of exciting, great value wines. See our selection of wines for the weekend with great price tags...

wines-under-£20-sparkling

Celebrate the weekend with a sparkling wine...

The post For the weekend: Great value wines appeared first on Decanter.


Decanter's expert tasting team bring you a weekly selection of exciting, great value wines. See our selection of wines for the weekend with great price tags...

wines-under-£20-sparkling

Celebrate the weekend with a sparkling wine...

The post For the weekend: Great value wines appeared first on Decanter.

Decanter's expert tasting team bring you a weekly selection of exciting, great value wines. See our selection of wines for the weekend with great price tags...

wines-under-£20-sparkling

Decanter’s tasting team search the key tastings to hunt down the best value wines the supermarkets, high street and wine merchants can offer.

This week, we’ve picked six great sparkling wines, all under £20 – from French Créments to Franciacorta to a Mendoza offering. Perfect for a barbecue or whilst watching the Wimbledon Finals.


  • Understanding tasting notes: Tasting notes decoded

  • Decanter Summer Wines


Each week we bring you new wines, so you can branch out from your usual choices, without breaking the bank – especially if you’re one of the wine drinkers who stick to the same wine for a decade.

Don’t forget to look at our selections of supermarket wines.


This week’s top six wines in the collection below are all sparkling wines…

Cave de Lugny, Crémant de Bourgogne, Blanc de Blancs

This is a great alternative to Champagne – at a fraction of the price. Fresh, light and dry with ripe apple and grapefruit. Lovely foaming...

Points 90

Corteaura, Franciacorta Brut, Franciacorta, Lombardy, Italy

Franciacorta deserves more recognition for its sophisticated sparklings, especially....

Points 90

Gouguenheim, Malbec Bubbles Extra Brut, Mendoza, Argentina

A delightful Malbec sparkler, full of strawberry and red cherry aromas....

Points 89

Dopff au Moulin, Crémant d’Alsace, Cuvée Julien Brut

Behind this unpromising label you will find a rather delicious wine. Floral aromas give way to ripe peach and pear fruit, along with a...

Points 89

Domaine Jean-Louis Tissot, Crémant du Jura, Jura, France

Founded in 1969, this 16 hectare estate is located in Montigny-les-Arsures. This cremant has a supple mouthfeel with some baked apple...

Points 88

Sainsbury's, Crémant de Loire, Taste the Difference, Loire

If you are on a budget, Crémant offers some of the best sparkling wines. This is from one of the oldest and most consistent sparkling...

Points 88

Bodega Colomé, Torrontés, Salta, Argentina, 2013

Colomé, established in 1831, has vineyards ranging from 2,300m to a staggering 3,111m above sea level...

Points 90

Chapel Down, Kit's Coty Chardonnay, Kent, 2013

Chapel Down is releasing a series of single vineyard over the next 12 months and this is the first release...

Points 90

Blank Canvas, Gruner Veltliner, Marlborough, 2013

After more than 40 vintages as a flying winemaker, this is Matt Thomson’s first venture...

Points 91

Domaine du Bouchot Regain, Pouilly-Fumé, 2013

From one of the first organic producers in the area, this cuvée is a selection of vines planted on a terroir dating back to the Jurassic period...

Points 92

Zuani, Vigne Bianco Collio, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 2014

Partrizia Felluga left the family business four years ago to set up on her own...

Points 90

Sainsbury's, Taste the Difference Côtes du Rhône Blanc, 2015

A nice accessible white with floral and stone fruit scents. The palate has some creaminess to it thanks to the Roussanne and Viognier components being...

Points 88

Domaine Maby, Tavel, Prima Donna, Southern Rhône, 2015

This charming, full-bodied rosé from France’s only exclusively pink appellation is packed with ripe strawberry and red cherry fruits, and generous juiciness. A Grenache-Cinsault blend from old vines, it has sound acidity and good mid-palate weight, making it a nice, food-friendly wine.

Points 89

Domaine Carobelle, Gigondas, Rhône, France, 2016

Farmed organically with grapes sourced from old vines, this is a classic southern Rhône offering, opening up with red and black fruit and...

Points 91

Remy Ferbras, Ventoux, Rhône, France, 2016

This Grenache-based blend sourced from grapes grown on the famous stage of the Tour de France cycling race, Mount Ventoux. More importantly...

Points 91

Domaine Combier, Crozes-Hermitage, Cuvée Laurent Combier,

2015 was a stunning vintage in Crozes-Hermitage. This has appetising aromas of smoky bacon, black olive and herbs – intense fruit, but no...

Points 92

Mas de Daumas Gassac, Pays d’Hérault, Pont de Gassac Blanc,

Combining the herb and citrus freshness of Sauvignon with the plumper melon and apricot notes of Chardonnay, this entry level wine from one of the Languedoc's most praised producers is a masterclass in drinkability. It has good concentration and a crisp acidity that hits the spot no matter the weather.

Points 91

Rustenberg, Chardonnay, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 2015

An impressive Stellenbosch Chardonnay that wouldn’t look out of place in Corton-Charlemagne with its complex leesy character. A mosaic of...

Points 95

Domaine Lafran-Veyrolles, Bandol, Provence, France, 2015

Pale, salmon pink with flecks of orangey peach. Little restrained on the nose with hints of apricot, spice and herbs which...

Points 93

Olim Bauda, Barbera d'Asti, La Villa, Piedmont, Italy, 2015

Rich blackberries sprinkled with oak spice start us off here, followed by intriguing sappy flavours coated in...

Points 95

Ailala, Souson, Ribeiro, Mainland Spain, Spain, 2015

Based around the local Souson grape, this is deeply coloured with figgy fruits and fairly dense texture. It's relatively full-bodied for chilling...

Points 89

Viñalba, Reserve Malbec, Patagonia, Argentina, 2014

In terms of consistency and value, Viñalba comes very high on the list and it’s hard to believe that this successful brand, set up by a...

Points 90

Domaine Sylvain Pataille, Bourgogne Aligoté, Burgundy, 2014

While most producers have turned their back on Aligoté in favour of Chardonnay or Pinot Noir, Pataille is championing the grape and is now making some excellent single-vineyard wines. Here, the nose opens up to crisp apple fruit with a mineral core. It’s unassuming but full of energy and with…

Points 92

Louis Jadot, Pouilly-Fuissé, Burgundy, France, 2014

A textbook Chardonnay from southern Burgundy that shows crisp apple, pineapple and lemon zest intensity. It’s rich and creamy...

Points 89

Domaine Guerrin & Fils, Pouilly-Fuissé, Cuvée Vieilles

This family domaine is blessed with old vines, used for this fine Chardonnay. Low yields give a beautiful depth, energy and intensity...

Points 90

Florent Rouve, Viré-Clessé Vieilles Vigne, Burgundy, 2014

Viré-Clessé is a fairly new appellation formed of the villages which used to be bottled under Mâcon-Clessé and Mâcon-Viré...

Points 90

Albert Bichot, Crémant de Bourgogne, Pure Blanc de Blancs

If you are looking to impress your guests with fizz over the festive season and save some cash too, then look no further. This bone-dry...

Points 92

Domaine Chavy Chouet, Bourgogne Blanc, Les Femelottes, 2014

The Chavy family, located in and around Puligny-Montrachet, used to sell the bulk of their production to negociants until their son...

Points 90

Gaia, Thalassitis Assyrtiko, Santorini, Greece 2013

From its true home comes this fabulous example of one of the most underrated grape varieties, Assyrtiko.

Points 93

Gasper, Malvazija, Goriška Brda 2014

This smart offering is a joint venture between the local co-op and the talented Gasper Carman...

Points 91

Bodegas Protos, Rosado 2014

This historic winery has improved the quality of its entire range...

Points 90

Aemilia, Shiraz-Vranec- Petit Verdot, Tikves, Macedonia 2013

A meeting of the indigenous (Vranac) and the international (Shiraz and Petit Verdot), this spicy red won’t disappoint.

Points 90

Joseph Mellot, Sancerre Rosé 2014

Joseph Mellot is an institution in Sancerre; founded five centuries ago, it has stayed in the family ever since...

Points 89

Le Colture, Pianer, Prosecco Valdobbiadene Extra Dry, Veneto NV

Lively pear fruit and white flowers lead the way in this stylish Prosecco...

Points 89

Domaine des Tourelles, Rosé, Bekaa Valley, Lebanon 2015

From one of the oldest wineries in the region, this domaine was established in 1868 by Frenchman François-Eugène Brun...

Points 90

Monte delle Vigne, Callas, Emilia Romagna, Italy 2012

In 1983 Andrea Ferrari acquired 7ha of vines....

Points 92

Felugan Feliciana, Lugana, Veneto, Italy 2015

This is lush with ripe apple and candied fruit flavours...

Points 92

La Crotta di Vegneron, Pinot Noir, Valle d’Aosta, Italy 2015

The pretty onion skin colour of this Pinot Noir in the glass edges towards rosé...

Points 90

Villa Broglia, Gavi di Gavi, Piedmont, Italy 2015

One of Italy’s most famous white wines, Gavi di Gavi...

Points 90

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.