Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

In a comprehensive and landmark tasting, Decanter’s expert panel blind tasted 122 natural wines from all corners of the globe. Here they each name their 10 favourites...

Natural wine

See what our experts have to say about some of their top rated natural wines...

The post Top rated natural wine – panel tasting appeared first on Decanter.


In a comprehensive and landmark tasting, Decanter’s expert panel blind tasted 122 natural wines from all corners of the globe. Here they each name their 10 favourites...

Natural wine

See what our experts have to say about some of their top rated natural wines...

The post Top rated natural wine – panel tasting appeared first on Decanter.

In a comprehensive and landmark tasting, Decanter’s expert panel blind tasted 122 natural wines from all corners of the globe. Here they each name their 10 favourites...

Natural wine

Natural wine is here to stay as a small but significant niche; the logical development of a back-to-the-roots movement that began with organic agriculture’s popularisation in the 1970s. It’s a term of convenience; two simple words to describe a complex, sprawling ideology that includes organic and biodynamic viticulture, minimal intervention in the winery, and sometimes radical views on sulphur dioxide.

Read our natural wine definition here. 


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Simon Woolf: “I was delighted at the overall high quality of winemaking evident, and the lack of obvious faults. While I’m a strong proponent of minimal intervention, organics and biodynamics, I’m no lover of excess brettanomyces, volatile acidity or unintended oxidation. Only two of 122 wines tasted had a hint of mousiness.”

Andrew Jefford: “It’s impossible to ignore the extent to which this line of experimental enquiry is stimulating and intriguing even ‘conventional’ producers, so I’m convinced we will see more wine made in this way in future; I’m also convinced that the success rate of natural wines will steadily improve.”

Sarah Jane Evans MW: “Given the often heated, divisive debate around these wines, I was pleased to find plenty to recommend, scoring 32 wines 90 points or more. My top wines were full of energy and freshness. I was hoping to assess the effects of the containers used for winemaking, however there were not enough concrete egg or amphora examples to draw conclusions.”


  • Concrete eggs in the winery – ask Decanter

  • Where brett in wine comes from – ask Decanter

  • Organic vs biodynamic – ask Decanter


Top rated natural wine:

La Stoppa, Emilia, Ageno, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, 2011

Who would have thought that a defiantly tannic orange wine made with 30 days of maceration would triumph in this tasting? Yet...

Points 94

Gratavinum, Silvestris, Priorat, Mainland Spain, Spain, 2015

A nose of billowing primary fruit: rich plums with a floral back note, as if you can smell the blossom which brought the plums into...

Points 94

Occhipinti, Terre Siciliane, Siccagno, Sicily, Italy, 2013

There is real fine fruited complexity here: fragrant cherry, plum and cranberry, with a furniture polish note too, which is very Italian...

Points 94

Waterkloof, Circumstance Chardonnay, Stellenbosch, 2016

A green-silver in colour, this is graceful, fresh, poised and restrained. It is elegant with lots of grain, understated creaminess and light...

Points 93

Château Combel-la-Serre, Les Peyres Levades, Cahors, 2014

A pure charmer from Cahors: lifted, fresh cherry-damson scents with an almost creamy amplitude to the fruit. Weighty and full in...

Points 93

Alfredo Arribas, 4 Gotes, Priorat, Mainland Spain, 2015

Clean and fresh on the nose, but relatively unfocussed, though there is a sense of earthy, liquorice refinement. More in the offing than...

Points 93

Pierre Morin, Sancerre, Loire, France, 2013

There are excellent aromas here: a lovely surge of refined cherry making it graceful, pure and enchanting. Smooth, lively and...

Points 93

Frank Cornelissen, Terre Siciliane, Munjebel Va, 2014

Soft, raisiny fruits with a little musky grace and orange peel charm to them. The palate displays citrus peels and orange grove blossoms. I love the combination of...

Points 93

Domaine Sainte-Croix, Carignan, Vin de France, 2013

Slightly dry, cardboard aromas clear to something more sherbet-like. It is an intense, dramatic, acidic and attractive...

Points 92

Intellego, The Story of Harry, Swartland, South Africa, 2016

This has plenty of sweet intrigue. Lemon chiffon and crème anglaise - once again, a long way from the 'natural wine' cliché...

Points 92

Mas del Périé, Amphore, Cahors, Southwest France, 2014

Sterling aromas with a lovely floral lift to the red fruits here. Lots of fragrant charm and purity. Vivid, fresh, lively, clean lines to this...

Points 92

Valdonica, Maremma Toscana, Ballarino, Tuscany, Italy, 2012

Characterful dried apricot, hay and dried herbs combine with a wonderful waxiness that adds interest. An assertive but...

Points 98

Domaine Lafran-Veyrolles, Bandol, Cuvée Spéciale, 2011

Subtle aromas of meat and red fruit at first, leading to fresh and lively notes of cream and vanilla. This has delicacy, complexity and...

Points 96

Meinklang, Graupert, Austria, Austria, 2015

Succulent, perfumed red fruits with a tantalising melange of raspberry and spiced rhubarb. It has a luxuriant...

Points 96

Sepp & Maria Muster, Gräfin, Steirerland, Austria, 2013

A light framed Sauvignon with a wonderful nuttiness and structure, herby aromatics and a very...

Points 95

Vodopivec, Vitovska, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy, 2010

Understated aromatics of jasmine and exotic fruits intermingle with baked apple and plum skin. It has fine tannins and an...

Points 95

Foradori, Vigneti delle Dolomiti, Fontanasanta Manzoni

This is showing candied pears and jasmine flowers in a youthful, stylish way. It is light framed, but with persistence and...

Points 95

Domaine des Cognettes, Muscadet Sèvre-et-Maine, Sur Lie,

Ripe and lively, this Muscadet is showing delicious pear slices and green melon with a complimentary...

Points 94

Marc Kreydenweiss, Kastelberg, Grand Cru, Riesling, 2012

Delightful acidity gives way to pleasing sweetness and some waxy, spiced notes. It is gradually getting quite rubbery but...

Points 94

Batič, Vipava Valley, Kakovostno, Angel, Primorska, 2011

A wine full of ripe, buttery, baked apple, ginger and caramel. There is not a whole lot of fruit but the texture is full...

Points 94

Guerila, Vipava Valley, Pinela, Primorska, Slovenia, 2015

Perfumed wild strawberry exudes from the nose, with subtle notes of earth and spice. It has quite low...

Points 93

Batič, Vipava Valley, Zaria, Primorska, Slovenia, 2009

This has a burnished apricot colour in the glass and is wafting smoky aromatics. It is a really interesting wine in an...

Points 93

Le Due Terre, Colli Orientali del Friuli, Sacrisassi, 2014

This is brightly Italian in its acidity and dark fruit and finally gives an edge of bitterness. A rich warm palate, dense and with...

Points 92

Reyneke, Organic Syrah, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 2015

A rich dense Syrah with white pepper and lemon juice. Charcoal and mocha undertones come through...

Points 92

Terroir al Límit, Terra de Cuques, Priorat, 2014

A deep golden in colour with jasmine and roses on the nose. A full bodied wine that is fleshy and lively with...

Points 92

Asensio Carcelén, 100x100 Monastrell, Jumilla, 2014

This has glorious mulberry aromas singing of hot Jumilla vineyards. It is supple, fleshy and powerfully fruity, with a line of tannin...

Points 92

Cotar, Karst, Malvazija, Primorska, Slovenia, 2014

A brilliantly vivid attack starts us off, with darts of Seville orange. This really is a wine on steroids and shows...

Points 92

Domaine de L'R, Chinon, Le Canal des Grands Pièces, 2015

There's a tart edge to this, like sour cherries or cranberries. Generally supple in the mouth with a light rasp of tannin. Not entirely...

Points 92

Calabretta, Capuccio, Sicily, Italy, 2010

Gloriously aromatic, with red cherries and violets. It is positively bursting with cherry fruit and is super expressive, helped by...

Points 92

Quartz Reef, Bendigo Estate Single Ferment Pinot Noir, 2015

Intensely aromatic! Roses, violet, raspberries spring to mind. It is full bodied and generously fruity whilst also being...

Points 91

Andreas Gsellmann, Exempel Chardonnay, Weinland, 2015

Very fragrant for Chardonnay, this wine is flooded with citrus, lime and marmalade and ends...

Points 91

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.