Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

This vibrant denomination in Italy’s Veneto region is going from strength to strength, says Michael Garner, who picks wines to try which showcase the three main styles of this great value white wine.

Soave vineyards
Soave vineyards

This vibrant denomination in Italy’s Veneto region is going from strength to strength, says Michael Garner, who picks wines to try which showcase the three main styles of this great value white wine.

The post Showcasing Soave – great value whites appeared first on Decanter.


This vibrant denomination in Italy’s Veneto region is going from strength to strength, says Michael Garner, who picks wines to try which showcase the three main styles of this great value white wine.

Soave vineyards
Soave vineyards

This vibrant denomination in Italy’s Veneto region is going from strength to strength, says Michael Garner, who picks wines to try which showcase the three main styles of this great value white wine.

The post Showcasing Soave – great value whites appeared first on Decanter.

This vibrant denomination in Italy’s Veneto region is going from strength to strength, says Michael Garner, who picks wines to try which showcase the three main styles of this great value white wine.

Soave vineyards
Soave vineyards

These are exciting times for Soave: a new generation of winemakers inspired by the groundwork of their fathers is taking the Garganega grape to heights which would have been undreamed of a few decades ago. Meanwhile, the denomination’s other mainstay variety, the sadly neglected Trebbiano di Soave (aka Verdicchio in the Marche) is also starting to make a comeback.

  • Scroll down for top Soave wines

The three main styles

Three main styles of wine are evident today. The oak-aged versions fit the blueprint of ‘traditional’ Soave which emerged onto the international stage in the 1960s, but they have lost the over-reliance on aromas and flavours of new oak and small barrels which all too easily dominate the delicacy of Garganega and which has dogged the wines in recent times. A much clearer understanding of the use of wood (nowadays generally larger and older barrels) gives some of the top cuvées an almost Burgundian richness.

At the same time, the fruit-forward and perfumed style of ‘modern’ Soave produced without any wood ageing has made equally impressive progress. Lying somewhere between the two, a third and no less exciting prototype is emerging: a wine which receives extended contact with the fine lees (up to 18 months) usually in either stainless steel or cement. When well-managed, this teases out evolved, nutty and biscuity notes. (See my top three below for quintessential examples of each.)


  • See the Amarone Panel Tasting results


The variety of styles is also a reflection of the differing soil types of the area. The sometimes white limestone and tufa-based terrain to the west (towards Valpolicella) is of marine origin, while the black, basaltbased soils to the east (around Ronca) are volcanic. The two intermingle around the towns of Soave itself and Monteforte d’Alpone at the heart of the Classico area. The wines from the former tend to show more floral notes and a crisper acidity, while the more volcanic wines have a fleshier style with notes of exotic fruits.

‘What really sets today’s Soave apart is a scintillating, mineral toned freshness that barely seems to diminish with bottle age’

The defining aromas are generally those of orchard fruit, russet apples in particular, with notes of preserved lemon and mandarin zest. But what really sets today’s Soave apart is a scintillating, mineral-toned freshness that barely seems to diminish with bottle age and which gives the wine its remarkable elegance and balance.

Recent vintages

Recent vintages have been a mixed bag: 2015 was a warm year and the wines are ripe, forward and good for early to mid-term drinking; while 2014 was notoriously wet and cool – rigorous selection was needed and the best examples are nearing full maturity. The 2013 wines have a pronounced saline quality and show off this distinctive side of Soave to maximum effect; and the hot, dry summer of 2012 led to a crop of very ripe fruit, giving the wines a full, often alcoholic style; best drunk soon.

This selection was from tastings of premium examples from across the various denominations which make up the delimited Soave zone: Soave, Soave Superiore, Soave Classico and Soave Colli Scaligeri, but excluding Recioto di Soave.

Michael Garner has specialised in Italian wine for more than 30 years. He is a DWWA Regional co-Chair for Italy and an author, whose second book, on the wines of Verona, is due for publication this year.


Gini, Soave, Classico, "Salvarenza" Vecchie Vigne, 2013

Broad, ripe and fleshy with ripe yellow plums, integrated oak and notes of flowers, saffron and anise. The palate shows amazing freshness and a long, jewel-like, mineral-toned...

Points 97

Cantina Filippi, Soave, Vigne della Bra, Veneto, Italy, 2013

Powerful and leesy nose of caramelised yellow peaches, camomile and cardamom. Ripe and round palate with zippy, salty, citrus flavours and subtle florals. So light on its feet, with ...

Points 96

Nardello, Soave, Classico, Vigna Turbian, Veneto, 2015

Intense, with bright, focused aromas of pear and apricot plus a hint of aniseed. Substantial but remarkably fresh and juicy palate: saline and silky. Tremendous balance and so ...

Points 96

Inama, Soave, Classico, Vigneto du Lot, Veneto, Italy, 2015

White peach, pineapple, mint and almonds with toasty oak undertones. Fleshy, fruit flavours with saline and sherbert lemon notes; dried flowers to finish. Rich and impressive.Should...

Points 95

Balestri Valda, Soave, Classico, Veneto, Italy, 2015

So Soave! Fresh aromas of apples, mandarin and white flowers. The palate is vibrant and juicy with ripe fruit, crisp acidity and a mineral finish. From a ...

Points 93

Inama, Soave, Classico, Vigneti di Foscarino, Veneto, 2015

Upfront oak with underlying richness of fleshy, ripe fruit aromas and hints of marzipan. Round and lightly buttery palate with notes of baked apple and preserved lemon; delicate...

Points 93

Pieropan, Soave, Classico, La Rocca, Veneto, Italy, 2014

This is no ordinary Soave - Pieropan are one of the leading producers of high quality Soave Classico, and this example is a...

Points 92

Gini, Soave, Classico, Veneto, Italy, 2015

Perfumed aromas of lemon and lime with clear floral notes. Ripe and juicy palate with crisp, citrus acidity and a mineral twist to the finish. Very well done. This ‘regular’ Soave Classico from the...

Points 91

Pieropan, Soave, Classico, Veneto, Italy, 2015

Ripe but lively nose of baked apple and cardamom with a floral edge. Quite luscious but balanced palate with ripe fruit flavours, notes of ...

Points 90

Prà, Soave, Classico, Otto, Veneto, Italy, 2015

Forward fruit aromas show notes of crisp apple, conference pear and a hint of banana. Weighty, luscious palate with balanced acidity and a good, saline finish. This is an impressive commercial example offering excellent value...

Points 90

Coffele, Soave, Classico, Castelcerino, Veneto, Italy, 2015

Attractive and forward nose: ripely fruity with notes of apple, pear and mandarin. Fleshy and ripe, floral-toned pear fruit palate with decent acidity and good ...

Points 90

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.