Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Revel in the high-end wine lifestyle of Barcelona and Lisbon, or discover the untold pleasures of Douro and Galicia. From Moorish fortresses to modern art hotels, we’ve collected the best luxury places to stay in Spain and Portugal’s wine regions…

Spain & Portugal wine tour
The otherworldly splendour of Hotel Marques de Riscal... Image Credit: hotel-marquesderiscal.com

Can you see yourself staying at one of these sumptuous Spanish and Portuguese hotels…?

The post Luxury travel: Spain & Portugal wine tour ideas appeared first on Decanter.


Revel in the high-end wine lifestyle of Barcelona and Lisbon, or discover the untold pleasures of Douro and Galicia. From Moorish fortresses to modern art hotels, we’ve collected the best luxury places to stay in Spain and Portugal’s wine regions…

Spain & Portugal wine tour
The otherworldly splendour of Hotel Marques de Riscal... Image Credit: hotel-marquesderiscal.com

Can you see yourself staying at one of these sumptuous Spanish and Portuguese hotels…?

The post Luxury travel: Spain & Portugal wine tour ideas appeared first on Decanter.

Revel in the high-end wine lifestyle of Barcelona and Lisbon, or discover the untold pleasures of Douro and Galicia. From Moorish fortresses to modern art hotels, we’ve collected the best luxury places to stay in Spain and Portugal’s wine regions…

Spain & Portugal wine tour
The otherworldly splendour of Hotel Marques de Riscal... Image Credit: hotel-marquesderiscal.com

All the suggestions for this luxury wine tour of Spain & Portugal have been taken from existing Decanter.com travel guides, written by our experts.

W Hotel Barcelona

Spain & Portugal wine tour

The landmark W Hotel overlooking Barcelona’s historic boardwalk. Image Credit: w-barcelona.com

Bustling Barcelona is great base from which to explore surrounding Cava country with its effervescent lifestyle. Don’t miss Alta Alella, the closest winery to Barcelona, with vineyards that drop down to the sea. A luxury treat, the W soars amid the swanky restaurants and nightlife of the old port. It was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill, and comprises of 26 floors — at the top of which is the Eclipse rooftop bar.

Recommended by Sarah Jane Evans MW, award-winning food and wine journalist


airplane

Nearest airport Barcelona


SEE ALSO: Latest tasting: Alvaro Palacios 2016 vintage preview


Mas de Torrent Hotel & Spa Empordà

Spain & Portugal wine tour

Five-star poolside peace in Catalonia… Image Credit: hotelmastorrent.com

Whether travelling from Barcelona or perhaps be driving from the south of France, Empordà’s landscape, flanked by the shimmering Mediterranean and dominated by the Pyrenees, is equally distinctive whichever route you choose. Vines have been cultivated here since the sixth century BC, and the region has benefitted from the innovation of the wave of young winemakers establishing themselves in the region. In Baix Empordà, you’ll find an 18th-century stone-built masia (farmhouse), now converted into a Relais & Chateaux elegant five-star hotel, Mas de Torrent. Complete with pool, spa and two restaurants with Mediterranean-inspired food by chef Jorge Garrido and monthly tastings by sommelier Pere Palmada.

Recommended by Sue Style, a food and wine journalist who writes for a range of publications and has her own website suestyle.com


airplane

Nearest airport Gerona-Costa Brava


Cap Rocat Mallorca

Spain & Portugal wine tour

Enter the Mallorcan Moorish fortress… Image Credit: caprocat.com

For a taste of island life, why not head over to Mallorca, with its enticing array of food and wine destinations. Many of its wineries are clustered around Palma, where you can travel beyond the touristic facade to reach a hushed world of golden stone villages, silvery olive groves, almond and apricot orchards bounded by monasteries and carpeted with wild flowers. Base yourself at Cap Rocat, a classy 25-room hotel in a Moorish-inspired former military fortress dominating a point south of Palma with pools, spa, gourmet restaurant and Sea Club perched above the water.

Recommended by Sue Style, a food and wine journalist who writes for a range of publications and has her own website suestyle.com


airplane

Nearest airport Palma


Hotel Marques de Riscal Rioja

Spain & Portugal wine tour

The otherworldly splendour of Hotel Marques de Riscal… Image Credit: hotel-marquesderiscal.com

Another route would be to journey inland to Rioja, where needless to say you will find some of the finest wines in the country. And it was at its UNESCO-protected Yuso monastery that the first words were written in Castilian Spanish about wine. Well-located between the two winery hubs of Logroño and Haro, the five-star Hotel Marques de Riscal is itself a architectural landmark. Frank Gehry designed its cascading steel ribbons to reflect the dazzling sunlight, in a way that bends the mind and tricks the eye, contrasting spectacularly with the surrounding vineyards. Equally unforgettable is its wine-themed spa, which offers treatments such as the ‘Barrel Bath’: a long soak in bubbly grape pomace.

Recommended by Lonely Planet’s Wine Trails © 2015


airplane

Nearest airport Bilbao


  • SEE ALSO: Visit seven wineries in a day: Haro wine festival in Rioja


A Quinta da Auga Santiago de Compostela

Spain & Portugal wine tour

Experience the best of Galicia at A Quinta da Auga. Image Credit: aquintadaauga.com

Known for its religious importance, UNESCO world heritage site Santiago de Compostela offers wine lovers their own pilgrimage through Ribeiro and Rías Baixas; along with the way sampling its signature Albariño and Godello wines. A Quinta de Auga sits in its own 1 hectare estate, and was originally a paper mill. It has been carefully restored by a local family, and is now a resplendent Relais & Châteaux hotel and luxury spa. With its own riverside Restaurant Filigrana, for upscale Galician specialities. There also organise visits to the surrounding wineries, where you can learn about the region from the producers themselves.

Recommended by Sue Style, a food and wine journalist who writes for a range of publications and has her own website suestyle.com


airplane

Nearest airport Palma


Six Senses Douro Valley

Spain & Portugal wine tour

An opulent manor in the homeland of Port… Image Credit: sixsenses.com

Though it may be smaller, Portugal holds its own on the world’s stage as a beacon of fine wine. Take the train from Porto and you’ll follow the Douro river as it navigates its way between steep mountain slopes, where you’ll find thousands of intertwined vines and traditional stone terraces forming a tapestry of rare natural beauty. For the supreme scenic route, there is also a helicopter service available. Six Senses is a converted 19th-century manor in the midst of Douro wine country, with a pool that overlooks the snaking river. Its spa, restaurants and wine library are not to be sniffed at. Find yourself a glass of slightly chilled vintage Port, and sit outside on a warm evening.

Recommended by André Ribeirinho is a Portuguese food and wine entrepreneur who founded online wine platform adegga.com.


airplane

Nearest airport Porto


Memmo Alfama Hotel Lisbon

Spain & Portugal wine tour

The wine-red infinity pool and gorgeous Lisbon views… Image Credit: memmohotels.com

No wine tour of Portugal could overlook the addictive authenticity of Lisbon, brimming with wine bars, food markets and restaurants. Not to mention the three wine regions just a short drive away — head north for the sea-influenced wines of Lisboa, south to Setúbal to taste the historic fortified Moscatels from José Maria da Fonseca’s 100-year-old cellars, or east to Altentejo for the 700-year-old oenotourism estate of Herdade do Esporão. For a city oasis, stay at the Memmo Alfama Hotel, which has an excellent terrace, infinity pool and views over Lisbon’s hot-potch rooftops. The bar serves delicious petiscos and has a good wine list.

Recommended by André Ribeirinho is a food and wine entrepreneur who founded online wine platform adegga.com


airplane

Nearest airport Palma


 

 

 

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.