Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

Taylor’s Port house toasted its 325th anniversary with the unveiling of a limited-edition Reserve Tawny, which had travelled from the Douro to London by yacht. Tina Gellie reports on its arrival and puts the wine through its paces.

taylor's 325th anniversary
The new Taylor's Port sails into London as it would have done in the 17th century.

Tina Gellie reports and taste the new wine...

The post Taylor’s 325th anniversary Port sails into London appeared first on Decanter.


Taylor’s Port house toasted its 325th anniversary with the unveiling of a limited-edition Reserve Tawny, which had travelled from the Douro to London by yacht. Tina Gellie reports on its arrival and puts the wine through its paces.

taylor's 325th anniversary
The new Taylor's Port sails into London as it would have done in the 17th century.

Tina Gellie reports and taste the new wine...

The post Taylor’s 325th anniversary Port sails into London appeared first on Decanter.

Taylor’s Port house toasted its 325th anniversary with the unveiling of a limited-edition Reserve Tawny, which had travelled from the Douro to London by yacht. Tina Gellie reports on its arrival and puts the wine through its paces.

taylor's 325th anniversary
The new Taylor's Port sails into London as it would have done in the 17th century.

In a re-enactment of Taylor’s first shipment of Port to the UK in the 17th century, the cask was loaded onboard at Taylor’s lodges at Vila Nova de Gaia on 2 May and arrived on the banks of the Thames at the Tower of London on 11 May, ahead of a gala dinner there that evening.


‘It’s time to take Port off the pedestal and bring it down to the table.’


Winemaker David Guimararens told Decanter.com the Taylor’s 325 Limited Edition Anniversary Tawny, aged for 18 months, was a ‘cherry-picking’ of the best wines earmarked for the house’s 10-, 20-, 30- and 40-year-old tawny Ports.

taylor's 325th anniversary port

The Taylor’s 325th anniversary Port.

‘I’ve selected wines with age for complexity, and wines with youth for vibrancy,’ said Guimaraens. ‘I wanted this wine to be accessible, unpretentious. Not a Port that only a few people can afford, but one that everyone can enjoy.

‘It’s time to take Port off the pedestal and bring it down to the table.’

The squat ‘onion’ bottle is based on a 17th-century design that is the oldest example of a bottle with the Taylor’s company mark.

It also bears the Royal coat of arms, denoting Taylor’s as a Port supplier by Royal Warrant of Appointment to HM Queen Elizabeth II.

Solo yachtsman Ricardo Diniz is helmsman of the restored 1991-built boat #Taylor325. Following safe delivery of the Port cask to London, he will compete in the OSTAR 2017 (Original Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race) sailing on 29 May from Plymouth to Newport, Rhode Island. The crossing is expected to take 21 days, and he is the only Portuguese sailor in the race’s 57-year history.

Adrian Bridge, managing director of Taylor’s, told the 100 guests at the black-tie dinner at the Tower of London’s New Armouries that the partnership between Taylor’s and Diniz was a natural one, ‘uniting land and sea’.

In a wry comment on Brexit, he also reminded guests that the 1386 Treaty of Windsor was the longest trading agreement between any two nations, and why Britain has remained the leading market for Port ever since.

Taylor’s was founded in 1692 by English merchant Job Beardsley, who travelled to Portugal to start a wine business.


How it tastes

Taylor’s, 325 Limited Edition Anniversary Tawny – 94 points

Lifted but dense dried and candied fruit nose along with chocolate-covered coffee beans and Christmas baking spices. Multilayered, plush palate with a concentrated, juicy, bright mulberry core of acidity surrounded by rich sticky toffee pudding and warm gingerbread notes. Complex but approachable – a delicious tawny.

Alcohol: 20%

Drink: 2017-2040

Where to buy it

£27 Hangingditch, Hard to Find Wines, Mumbles Fine Wines, Saxty’s, The Whisky Exchange, Vintage Wine & Port


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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.