Vinification is the process that transforms the grapes into wine. The process of vinification differ from region to region, financial state of the winery and the grape types. The harvesting time and the type of oak used for aging are based on the region in which the wine grapes are grown.

Wine making process involves the following stages:

  • The first step in wine making process is Harvesting or Picking. Grapes should be harvested at the right time in order to make good wine. Harvesting can be done either mechanically or by hand.
  • The process of separating the grapes from the stems and cluster parts is called Destemming. Some of the wine makers keep some fragments of the stem to increase the wine tannin.
  • After destemming the grapes are crushed to extract the juice from the skin. This is done before the fermentation process begins. In the olden days bare feet is used to extract the grape juice, now a day machines like crushers are used.
  • Separation of grape juice and the skin is named as pressing. After crushing the grape juice will flow freely, selected wineries use pressers to make sure maximum juice is released.
  • Once the grapes are pressed they are introduced into the process of fermentation. During this process the grape juice are converted into alcoholic beverage. The yeast interacts with the sugar in the grape juice and converts them into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
  • Once the wine is purified and refined, they are preserved with sulfur dioxide or potassium sorbate. During the natural process of fermentation a minimum amount of sulfites are produced, but more is added for the use of commercial preservation.
  • Wines are aged for a particular amount of time to get more welcoming wine. Once after purification, the wines are moved to wooden barrels for aging. Metal vats, concrete vats and glass carboys are also used in some cases to increase the flavor.
  • After aging, the wines are bottled. During the process of bottling a final dose of sulfite is added to the wine to prevent it from uninvited fermentation in the bottle. The bottles are then sealed with cork and screw caps.

More than 200 of the world’s top wine experts have flown into London to begin judging the 2017 Decanter World Wine Awards, the world’s largest wine competition.

dwwa 2017 judging
Who will get the golds in 2017?

Read all about judging at the world's biggest wine competition...

The post Decanter World Wine Awards 2017 judging week begins appeared first on Decanter.


More than 200 of the world’s top wine experts have flown into London to begin judging the 2017 Decanter World Wine Awards, the world’s largest wine competition.

dwwa 2017 judging
Who will get the golds in 2017?

Read all about judging at the world's biggest wine competition...

The post Decanter World Wine Awards 2017 judging week begins appeared first on Decanter.

More than 200 of the world’s top wine experts have flown into London to begin judging the 2017 Decanter World Wine Awards, the world’s largest wine competition.

dwwa 2017 judging
Who will get the golds in 2017?

More than 17,200 wines will be judged by 219 international experts, including 65 Masters of Wine and 20 Master Sommeliers. The number of entries is a new record and up 8% on 2016.

The Decanter World Wine Awards 2017 competition has also seen some major changes. Gerard Basset OBE MW MS, Michael Hill Smith MW and Sarah Jane Evans MW have taken on the joint chairmanship of the DWWA, whilst co-founder Steven Spurrier becomes chairman emeritus.

Other new chairs include Huon Hooke for Australia; Fiona McDonald, South Africa; Markus Del Monego MW, Germany; Matt Walls, Rhone; Andy Howard MW, Southern Italy; Justin Howard-Sneyd MW, Languedoc-Roussillon; Michael Garner, Regional Italy; Ferran Centelles, Spain and Beth Willard, Central and Eastern Europe

The DWWA judging is also being held in a new venue, Excel CentrEd, which offers ideal tasting conditions of natural light and air controlled temperature.

Over the next five days, the 219 judges will work in small teams according to their regional or stylistic speciality in order to pick out the best wines for consumers.

‘When we started DWWA in 2004 nobody could have predicted we would have over 17,000 entries. It is a testament to the rigorous judging process which both trade and consumers trust,’ said Sarah Kemp, Decanter’s managing director.


  • See live coverage of the DWWA 2017 judging week


Kemp emphasised to judges on the first day at Excel that the quality of the judging process was paramount. ‘Trust is key,’ she said.

‘Think about whether you can put hand-on-heart and say to a Decanter reader “I am recommending this”,’ said co-chair Michael Hill Smith MW.

All wines are blind tasted by judges in a military-like operation led by Christelle Guibert, Decanter’s international tasting director along with her in-house team and dozens of ‘red shirts’, who are responsible for ensuring the wines are brought to the judges in pristine condition.

Gold medal wines will be put forward to compete for platinum medals against others from the same region or style. The platinum winners will then go on to a special tasting to decide which wines should be awarded platinum “best in show” status.


  • See also: How the DWWA works – Judging and Medals


DWWA 2017 co-chair Sarah-Jane Evans MW said, ‘As co-chairs, the pleasure for us is working with the judges to recognise and reward the best, to share their excitement, and to find the wines we can confidently recommend to all wine lovers.’

The DWWA judging week takes a year to plan. Over the week Riedel supply 33,000  Chianti glasses and 9,000 Champagne flutes, 2,892 bottles of Belu water are provided. There will also be 100kg of cheese available to the judges.

All wine left over from the awards is sold in aid of Decanter’s ‘Turning Wine into Water’ programme for WaterAid. To date the DWWA has raised over half a million pounds.


  • Archive: Search the DWWA 2016 results here


 

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Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Each wine is unique. Soil, weather, geology, varietals, and the style of wine making, are all decisive yet variable factors that give each wine a unique character.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.
Winemakers all over the world are combining wine making traditions of millennia with innovative approaches and ideas, to address consumer demand for high quality products and a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.